Pluronic P105/F127 mixed micelles for the delivery of docetaxel against Taxol-resistant non-small cell lung cancer: optimization and in vitro, in vivo evaluation
Liangcen Chen, Xianyi Sha, Xinyi Jiang, Yanzuo Chen, Qiuyue Ren, Xiaoling Fang
Department of Pharmaceutics, School of Pharmacy, Fudan University, Shanghai, China
Abstract: The aim of this work was to establish a novel polymeric mixed micelle composed of Pluronic P105 and F127 copolymers loaded with the poorly soluble antitumor drug docetaxel (DTX) against Taxol-resistant non-small cell lung cancer. A central composite design was utilized to optimize the preparation process, helping to improve drug solubilization efficiency and micelle stability. Prepared by a thin-film hydration method, the average size of the optimized mixed micelle was 23 nm, with a 92.40% encapsulation ratio and a 1.81% drug-loading efficiency. The optimized formulation showed high storage stability in lyophilized form, with 95.7% of the drug content remaining after 6 months' storage at 4°C. The in vitro cytotoxicity assay showed that the IC50 values for Taxotere® and mixed micelles were similar for A549, while on A549/Taxol cell lines, DTX-loaded P105/F127 mixed micelles showed a superior hypersensitizing effect; their IC50 value (0.059 µg/mL) was greatly reduced compared to those of Taxotere injections (0.593 µg/mL). The in vivo pharmacokinetic study showed that the mixed-micelle formulation achieved a 1.85-fold longer mean residence time in circulation and a 3.82-fold larger area under the plasma concentration-time curve than Taxotere. In addition, therapeutic improvement of mixed micelles in vivo against A549/Taxol was obtained. The tumor inhibition rate of the micelles was 69.05%, versus 34.43% for Taxotere (P < 0.01). Therefore, it could be concluded from the results that DTX-loaded P105/F127 mixed micelles might serve as a potential antitumor drug delivery system to overcome multidrug resistance in lung cancer.
Keywords: docetaxel, polymeric micelle, pluronic, multi-drug resistance
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