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Platelet-Rich Plasma-Derived Growth Factor vs Hyaluronic Acid Injection in the Individuals with Knee Osteoarthritis: A One Year Randomized Clinical Trial

Authors Raeissadat SA, Gharooee Ahangar A, Rayegani SM, Minator Sajjadi M, Ebrahimpour A, Yavari P

Received 1 April 2019

Accepted for publication 27 May 2020

Published 8 July 2020 Volume 2020:13 Pages 1699—1711

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/JPR.S210715

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Michael Schatman


Seyed Ahmad Raeissadat,1 Azadeh Gharooee Ahangar,2 Seyed Mansoor Rayegani,1 Mohammadreza Minator Sajjadi,3 Adel Ebrahimpour,3 Pegah Yavari1

1Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Research Center, Clinical Research Development Center of Shahid Modarres Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; 2Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran; 3Taleghani Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Correspondence: Pegah Yavari
Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Research Center, Clinical Research Development Center of Shahid Modarres Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Tel + 98 912 299 7782
Email p3gi69@yahoo.com

Objective: In this study, we aimed at performing a comparison between intra-articular injections of PRP-derived growth factor (PGRF) and hyaluronic acid regarding their effect on pain and patient’s function in knee osteoarthritis, as well as their safety profiles.
Methods: During our single-masked randomized clinical trial, the candidates with symptomatic knee osteoarthritis received two intra-articular injections of PRGF with 3 weeks apart or received three weekly injections of HA. The mean improvements from before treatment until the second, sixth, and twelfth months post-intervention in scores obtained by visual analog scale (VAS), Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC), and Lequesne index were our primary outcomes.
Results: A total of 102 candidates were finally included in the study. Patients’ mean age was 57.08± 7.3 years old in the PRGF group compared to the mean age of 58.63± 7.09 years old in HA patients. In the PRGF group, total WOMAC index decreased from 41.96± 11.71 to 27.10± 12.3 (P = 0.02), and from 39.71± 10.4 to 32.41± 11.8 in the HA group after 12 months (P > 0.05). Regarding the Lequesne index, pain, ADL, and global scores significantly decreased after 12 months in the PRGF group compared to the HA group (P< 0.001). There was also a meaningful higher rate of satisfaction in the PRGF group compared to the HA group after 12 months of treatment (P< 0.001).
Conclusion: Besides significantly higher satisfaction belonging to the PRGF group, there was a statistically significant improvement in VAS score and global, pain, and ADL score of Lequesne by passing 12 months from injection in PRGF compared to HA.

Keywords: knee, osteoarthritis, PRP, PRP-derived growth factor, hyaluronic acid, intra-articular injections

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