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Plasma rich in growth factors eye drops to treat secondary ocular surface disorders in patients with glaucoma

Authors Sánchez-Avila RM, Merayo-Lloves J, Fernández ML, Rodríguez Gutiérrez LA, Rodríguez-Calvo PP, Fernández-Vega Cueto A, Muruzabal F, Orive G, Anitua E

Received 12 October 2017

Accepted for publication 10 January 2018

Published 1 May 2018 Volume 2018:11 Pages 97—103

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/IMCRJ.S153918

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Yusuke Okuma

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser

Ronald M Sánchez-Avila,1 Jesus Merayo-Lloves,1 Maria Laura Fernández,1,2 Luis Alberto Rodríguez-Gutiérrez,1 Pedro Pablo Rodríguez-Calvo,1 Andres Fernández-Vega Cueto,1 Francisco Muruzabal,3,4 Gorka Orive,3–6 Eduardo Anitua3,4

1University Institute Fernández-Vega, Ophthalmological Research Foundation, University of Oviedo, Oviedo, Spain; 2Quilmes Eye Center, Buenos Aires, Argentina; 3University Institute for Regenerative Medicine and Oral Implantology (UIRMI), University of the Basque Country, Eduardo Anitua Foundation, Vitoria, Spain; 4Biotechnology Institute (BTI), Vitoria, Spain; 5Laboratory of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Technology, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of the Basque Country, Vitoria, Spain; 6Networking Biomedical Research Center on Bioengineering, Biomaterials and Nanomedicine, CIBER-BBN, Vitoria, Spain

Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of plasma rich in growth factors (PRGF) eye drops in patients with glaucoma with secondary ocular surface disorders (OSDs) due to surgeries and topical hypotensive drugs use.
Materials and methods: A retrospective case-series study design was used including six patients (eight eyes) diagnosed with glaucoma who received surgical (nonpenetrating deep sclerectomy and/or trabeculectomy) and medical treatments (hypotensive eye drops) to control intraocular pressure (IOP) and who developed secondary OSDs, unresponsive to conventional treatments. Patients were treated with PRGF eye drops (four times a day). Outcome measures were ocular surface disease index (OSDI), best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA, in logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution), visual analog scale (VAS), frequency and severity of symptoms, and IOP. The safety of the treatment was also evaluated.
Results: Six patients (seven eyes with open-angle glaucoma and one eye with uveitic glaucoma) treated with PRGF eye drops were evaluated. Mean age was 71 years (SD=7.2, range 58–79 years). Five were female and one was male. The mean treatment time was 21.8 weeks (SD=9.0, range 12–36 weeks). The mean time to reach closure of the corneal ulcer was 14.5 (SD=5.5) weeks. A statistical significant reduction in OSDI scale (50.6%), VAS frequency (53.1%), VAS severity (42.0%), and a 41.8% improvement in BCVA were observed (p<0.05). IOP also decreased by 16.6% (p=0.010). Only one of the six patients reported itching in both eyes as an adverse event (AE); however, the patient continued with the PRGF eye drops until the end of therapy; the remaining patients did not report any AEs during the follow-up period.
Conclusions: In patients with glaucoma and secondary OSDs refractive to conventional treatments, the treatment with PRGF eye drops could be considered a possible therapeutic option, because it demonstrates an improvement in the signs and symptoms of the ocular surface, as well as a better control of the IOP. This is an initial research work that can open doors for future research to confirm these findings.

Keywords: glaucoma, ocular surface disorders, plasma rich in growth factors, PRGF, platelet-rich plasma, PRP

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