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Physical and photoelastic properties of bulk-fill and conventional composites

Authors Pereira R, Giorgi MCC, Lins RBE, Theobaldo JD, Lima DANL, Marchi GM, Aguiar FHB

Received 21 August 2018

Accepted for publication 2 November 2018

Published 12 December 2018 Volume 2018:10 Pages 287—296

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/CCIDE.S184660

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Justinn Cochran

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Christopher Okunseri


Renata Pereira,1 Maria Cecília Caldas Giorgi,2 Rodrigo Barros Esteves Lins,1 Jéssica Dias Theobaldo,1 Débora Alves Nunes Leite Lima,1 Giselle Maria Marchi,1 Flávio Henrique Baggio Aguiar1

1Department of Restorative Dentistry, Piracicaba Dental School, University of Campinas, Piracicaba, SP 13.414-903, Brazil; 2Department of Operative Dentistry, School of Health Sciences, State University of Amazonas, Manaus, AM 69065-001, Brazil

Purpose:
This study evaluated the influence of thickness increment on degree of conversion (DC), Knoop microhardness (KHN), and polymerization-shrinkage stress (PSS) by photoelasticity of three dental composites.
Methods: For DC and KHN, 45 samples were prepared and divided into nine groups (n=5), according to composite (microhybrid [Filtek Z250 - Z250], bulk-fill flowable [SureFil SDR Flow - SDR], and nanohybrid composite [N’Durance - NDU]) and increment thickness (1, 1.5, and 3 mm). PSS was measured by photoelastic analysis. Composites were placed into a photoelastic model cavity and light-cured. DC and KHN data were subjected to two-way ANOVA and Bonferroni post hoc test. PSS results were qualitatively evaluated through Kruskal–Wallis test.
Results: SDR showed the highest DC values. At top and bottom surfaces, the highest KHN was obtained by Z250. Z250 showed higher PSS than SDR in 1.5 mm increments. NDU showed higher PSS than SDR in 3 mm increments.
Conclusion: The bulk-fill composite demonstrated better DC and similar KHN and PSS in deeper layers compared to conventional composites. Bulk-fill composites may perform as well as conventional nanohybrid and microhybrid composites.

Keywords: composite resins, dental restoration, permanent, dental stress analysis, dentistry, operative

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