Pharmacokinetic equivalence study of two formulations of the anticonvulsant pregabalin
Received 3 February 2015
Accepted for publication 3 March 2015
Published 20 April 2015 Volume 2015:7 Pages 69—75
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single anonymous peer review
Peer reviewer comments 4
Editor who approved publication: Professor Arthur Frankel
Raymond R Tjandrawinata,1 Effi Setiawati,2 Ratih Sofia Ika Putri,2 Vincent Angga Gunawan,2 Fenny Ong,1 Liana W Susanto,1 Dwi Nofiarny1
1Dexa Laboratories of Biomolecular Sciences, Cikarang, West Java, Indonesia; 2PT Equilab International Bioavailability and Bioequivalence Laboratory, Jakarta, Indonesia
Purpose: The present study was conducted to evaluate whether the bioavailability of pregabalin capsules 150 mg manufactured by PT Dexa Medica was equivalent to the reference formulation.
Methods: This was a randomized, open-label, two-period, two-sequence, and crossover study under fasting condition, with a 1-week washout period. Plasma concentrations of pregabalin from 20 subjects were determined by using a validated liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) detection method. Pharmacokinetic parameters assessed in this study were: area under the plasma concentration–time curve from time zero to last observed quantifiable concentration (AUC0–t), area under the plasma concentration–time curve from time zero to infinity (AUC0–∞), maximum plasma concentration (Cmax), time to maximum plasma concentration (tmax), and terminal half-life (t1/2). The 90% confidence intervals (CIs) for the geometric mean ratios of test formulation/reference formulation were calculated for the AUC and Cmax parameters; while tmax difference was analyzed nonparametrically on the original data using the Wilcoxon matched-pairs test, and t1/2 difference was analyzed using Student's paired t-test.
Results: The mean (standard deviation [SD]) AUC0–t, AUC0–∞, Cmax, and t1/2 of pregabalin from the test formulation were 27,845.86 (4,508.27) ng·h/mL, 28,311.70 (4,790.55) ng·h/mL, 3,999.71 (801.52) ng/mL, and 5.66 (1.20) hours, respectively; while the mean (SD) AUC0–t, AUC0–∞, Cmax, and t1/2 of pregabalin from the reference formulation were 27,398.12 (4,266.28) ng·h/mL, 27,904.24 (4,507.31) ng·h/mL, 3,849.50 (814.50) ng/mL, and 5.87 (1.25) hours, respectively. The median (range) tmax of pregabalin from the test formulation and reference formulation was 1.00 (0.67–2.00) hours and 1.00 (0.67–3.00) hours, respectively. The 90% CIs for the geometric mean ratios of test formulation/reference formulation for pregabalin were 101.54% (98.75%–104.41%) for AUC0–t, 101.35% (98.66%–104.11%) for AUC0–∞, and 104.19% (98.75%–109.93%) for Cmax.
Conclusion: The study concluded that the two formulations of pregabalin capsules studied were bioequivalent.
Keywords: antiepileptic, bioavailability, bioequivalence, generic product
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