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pH-responsive hybrid nanoparticle with enhanced dissociation characteristic for siRNA delivery

Authors Shi M, Zhao X, Zhang J, Pan S, Yang C, Wei Y, Hu H, Qiao M, Chen D, Zhao X

Received 13 July 2018

Accepted for publication 31 August 2018

Published 26 October 2018 Volume 2018:13 Pages 6885—6902


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Linlin Sun

Menghao Shi,1 Xiufeng Zhao,2 Jiulong Zhang,1 Shuang Pan,1 Chunrong Yang,3 Ying Wei,1 Haiyang Hu,1 Mingxi Qiao,1 Dawei Chen,1 Xiuli Zhao1

1Department of pharmaceutics, School of Pharmacy, Shenyang Pharmaceutical University, Shenyang 110016, PR China; 2Oncology Department, Affiliated Hongqi Hospital of Mudanjiang Medical College, Mudanjiang 157000, PR China; 3Department of pharmaceutics, School of Pharmacy, Jiamusi University, Jiamusi, Heilongjiang 154007, PR China

Introduction: Specific polo-like kinase (PLK1) silencing with small interface RNA (siRNA) may be an effective approach for PLK1-overexpressed lung cancer. However, low siRNA concentration into cytoplasm of tumor tissue severely limits its application.
Materials and methods: In this study, a novel triblock copolymer methoxy poly(ethylene glycol)-poly(histidine)-poly(sulfadimethoxine) (mPEG-PHis-PSD, shorten as PHD) was synthesized and used to construct novel nonviral gene vector with cationic liposomes.
Results: The resulting hybrid nanoparticles (PHD/LR) loaded with siPLK1 possessed excellent physiochemical properties. In vitro study indicated that PHD/LR could be efficiently internalized into human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells and downregulated PLK1 protein expression to induce cell apoptosis, which was attributed to pH-induced instantaneous dissociation, efficient endo/lysosomal escape arose from PHD copolymer. Furthermore, in vivo antitumor activity demonstrated that PHD/LR could efficiently accumulated into tumor tissue and silenced PLK1 expression to possess antitumor activity.
Conclusion: Taken all these together, PHD/LR was expected to be a suitable carrier for specific delivering siRNA for lung cancer therapy.

Keywords: pH-responsive, siRNA delivery, hybrid nanoparticles, systematic evaluation

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