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Persistent Short Sleep from Childhood to Adolescence: Child, Parent and Peer Predictors

Authors Ranum BM, Wichstrøm L, Pallesen S, Falch-Madsen J, Steinsbekk S

Received 5 November 2020

Accepted for publication 15 January 2021

Published 15 February 2021 Volume 2021:13 Pages 163—175


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Professor Steven A Shea

Bror M Ranum,1 Lars Wichstrøm,1,2 Ståle Pallesen,3,4 Jonas Falch-Madsen,1 Silje Steinsbekk1

1Department of Psychology, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway; 2Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, St. Olavs Hospital, Trondheim, Norway; 3Department of Psychosocial Science, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway; 4Norwegian Competence Center for Sleep Disorders, Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen, Norway

Correspondence: Bror M Ranum
Department of Psychology, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim 7049, Norway
Tel +4795156994

Purpose: Many children have periods when they sleep too little, with widely recognized detrimental effects. Less is known about persistent short sleep during childhood. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate the prevalence of persistent short sleep in school-aged children and identify a set of child, parent, and peer predictors thereof.
Participants and Methods: Objectively measured sleep duration (hip-held accelerometer) was biennially assessed in a community sample followed from 6 to 14 years (n=801). A latent profile analysis was applied to assess whether a subgroup of children slept consistently short across time and predictors of persistent short sleep were determined through regression analysis.
Results: A subgroup of children (n=160; 20.2%) was identified as having persistent short sleep across time. Temperamental negative affectivity (β=0.08; 95% CI=0.01, 0.15; p=0.03) and low observer-assessed parental emotional availability (β=− .09; 95% CI=− .18, − .01; p=0.04) predicted membership to that group. Teacher ratings of victimization from bullying were not associated with persistent short sleep (β=0.01; 95% CI: − .10, 11; p=0.88).
Conclusion: High child temperamental negative affectivity and low parental emotional availability may be involved in the development of persistent short sleep through childhood.

Keywords: actigraphy, childhood, early adolescence, parental emotional availability, prospective cohort study, negative affectivity, sleep duration, insufficient sleep, victimization from bullying

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