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Peroneal island flap for wound coverage in complex injuries of the lower extremity

Authors Fazal A, Rasheed H, Cheema T

Received 3 November 2010

Accepted for publication 12 December 2011

Published 24 January 2012 Volume 2012:4 Pages 1—4


Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Akil Fazal1, Haroon-ur-Rashid1, Tahseen Cheema2
1Section of Orthopedics, Department of Surgery, Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan; 2Department of Orthopedics and Rehabilitation, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM, USA

Background: Complex injuries of the lower extremity pose a therapeutic challenge owing to limited availability of local soft tissue for coverage. One option in this region is the pedicled fasciocutaneous flap based on perforators of the peroneal artery. In this case series, we present our experience of the peroneal island pedicled flap for reconstruction of lower extremity wounds.
Methods: Records of 18 cases of peroneal island flap admitted consecutively to the Section of Orthopedics at Aga Khan University Hospital from January 1996 to December of 2009 were studied and their outcomes determined.
Results: The most common indication for coverage was open wounds due to a road traffic accident (n = 10), followed by burns (n = 3). The most common area exposed was the lower third of the leg followed by the middle third. The tibia was exposed in 11 patients. The flaps ranged in size from 35 cm2 to over 200 cm2. In 13 patients, the flaps healed uneventfully, while in the remaining five there was partial flap necrosis. In four of the latter patients, the residual wound healed with conservative measures only, but the fifth patient required further surgery to achieve acceptable coverage.
Conclusion: The peroneal artery flap appears to be a simple, useful, and reliable flap in the armamentarium of the surgeon when planning soft tissue coverage of the lower extremity.

Keywords: leg injuries, surgical flaps, lower extremity

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