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Peripheral artery disease risk factors in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia: a retrospective study

Authors Mufti Alsadiqi AI, Subki AH, Abushanab RH, Ocheltree MR, Bajahmom HA, Mufti Alsadiqi YI, Alhejily WA

Received 13 June 2018

Accepted for publication 13 November 2018

Published 8 January 2019 Volume 2019:12 Pages 49—54

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/IJGM.S176451

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Colin Mak

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser


Abdulrahman Ibrahim Mufti Alsadiqi, Ahmed Hussein Subki, Rami Hussam Abushanab, Mohammed Rashid Ocheltree, Hattan Ahmed Bajahmom, Yosef Ibrahim Mufti Alsadiqi, Wesam Awad Alhejily

Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Background: Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is a major health problem in Saudi Arabia with considerable implications for morbidity and mortality. Many risk factors have been established for developing PAD, but the prevalence of these risk factors is variable from one country to another.
Aim: To identify the risk factors for PAD and study their prevalence in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
Methods: A retrospective chart review study was conducted in a tertiary center in Jeddah from July 2012 to September 2015. All patients with PAD were recruited into this study, and their data were analyzed using IBM SPSS. Correlation between PAD and various risk factors was studied using Spearman’s coefficient.
Results: A total of 261 patients were recruited, of which 55% were males. Hypertension, diabetes type 2, and obesity were found among 34.2%, 33.3%, and 29.2% of the patients, respectively. About 45% had a history of previous vascular surgery, and amputation was performed in 6.9% particularly in legs. Hypertension and metabolic syndrome were the only risk factors that showed a significant correlation with PAD (P=0.039 and 0.040, respectively).
Conclusion: The most prevalent risk factors for PAD in Jeddah were hypertension, diabetes, obesity, and smoking. Hypertension and metabolic syndrome were the only risk factors significantly associated with PAD. Males were often more affected by PAD than females. The most commonly affected site was the lower limbs.

Keywords: prevalence, peripheral artery disease, risk factors, Saudi Arabia
 

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