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Perforated tuberculous appendicitis: a rare case report

Authors Gonie A, Bekele K

Received 25 November 2017

Accepted for publication 27 March 2018

Published 29 May 2018 Volume 2018:11 Pages 129—131

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/IMCRJ.S158074

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Justinn Cochran

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Professor Ronald Prineas


Alemayehu Gonie,1 Kebebe Bekele2

1Department of Nursing, School of Health Sciences, Goba Referral Hospital, Madda Walabu University, Bale-Goba, Ethiopia; 2Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, Goba Referral Hospital, Madda Walabu University, Bale-Goba, Ethiopia

Background: Gastrointestinal tuberculosis (TB) accounts for 3% of extrapulmonary TB. Tuberculous appendicitis is a rare type of abdominal TB and is seen in only 0.1%–0.3% of cases. Diagnosis is usually made after histopathologic examination of the appendectomy specimen. In Ethiopia, there had been no previous report of perforated appendicular TB, and to our knowledge, this is the first case report of a patient with perforated tuberculous appendicitis to be presented.
Case report: A 22-year-old male patient presented with complaints of severe abdominal cramp, periumbilical pain, nausea, 2 episodes of nonbilious vomiting, as well as high-grade fever. Upon admission, abdominal examination revealed direct tenderness below the umbilicus bilaterally and rebound tenderness over the right lower quadrant of the abdomen. The peritoneal cavity was opened through a lower midline incision, and a perforated appendix at the base was found.
Discussion: From the resected appendix, a sample biopsy was sent for histopathology, and the histological picture revealed granulomatous caseification lesion in the body of the appendix, but no granulomatous lesions elsewhere in the bowel or omentum. Based on these findings, the final diagnosis of perforated tuberculous appendicitis was made. After surgery, the patient started anti-TB treatment on the fourth postoperative day and continued therapy for 6 months, and marked clinical recovery has been observed to date.
Conclusion:
Perforated tuberculous appendicitis was diagnosed only after histopathologic examination of the resected appendix. Hence, TB, a highly prevalent disease in low-income countries, should always be considered in patients with nonspecific abdominal clinical sign and symptoms. It is also suggested that all specimens from perforated appendicitis be subjected to histopathologic examination.

Keywords: tuberculous appendicitis, perforated appendix, histopathology, resection, nonspecific abdominal pain

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