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Percutaneous microwave ablation combined with synchronous transcatheter arterial chemoembolization for the treatment of colorectal liver metastases: results from a follow-up cohort

Authors Wu Z, Si Z, Qian S, Liu L, Qu X, Zhou B, Zhang W, Wang G, Liu R, Wang J

Received 27 January 2016

Accepted for publication 13 April 2016

Published 23 June 2016 Volume 2016:9 Pages 3783—3789


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Triparna Sen

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Professor Min Li

Zeng-Bao Wu,1,* Zeng-Mei Si,1,* Sheng Qian,1 Ling-Xiao Liu,1 Xu-Dong Qu,1 Bo Zhou,1 Wei Zhang,1 Guang-Zhi Wang,2 Rong Liu,1 Jian-Hua Wang1

1Department of Interventional Radiology, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Intervention Radiology, Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Background: The purpose of this study was to retrospectively evaluate the therapeutic efficacy and safety of ultrasound-guided percutaneous microwave ablation (MWA) combined with synchronous transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) in patients with colorectal liver metastases (CRLM).
Patients and methods: A retrospective analysis was performed in 30 patients who were treated with ultrasound-guided percutaneous MWA combined with synchronous TACE for colorectal cancer liver metastases from November 2011 to December 2014 in Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University. The response of the tumor to treatment was evaluated by follow-up computed tomography and/or magnetic resonance imaging. Local tumor control, procedure-related complications, and long-term survival data were analyzed.
Results: A total of 30 patients with 43 tumors ranging in size from 1.4 cm to 10.0 cm were analyzed. The patients’ mean age was 61.6±10.3 years (range, 44.0–78.0 years). The median follow-up time was 26.5±10.4 months (range, 13.3–50.6 months). The complete ablation rate was 81.4% (35/43 lesions) for CRLM. Complete response was achieved in eight cases (26.7%), and partial response was achieved in 17 cases (56.7%) 1 month after the procedure. The objective response rate (complete response + partial response) was 83.4%. Progression-free survival and overall survival were 5.0 months and 11.0 months, respectively. The 12-month and 24-month survival rates were 46.7% and 25.4%, respectively. A total of 22 patients succumbed during follow-up due to tumor progression. No major complications or perioperative mortalities were recorded.
Conclusion: Ultrasound-guided percutaneous MWA combined with synchronous TACE therapy is a safe and effective modality for patients with CRLM.

Keywords: colorectal liver metastases, microwave ablation, transcatheter arterial chemoem­bolization

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