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Perceived threat and benefit toward community compliance of filariasis’ mass drug administration in Pekalongan district, Indonesia

Authors Widjanarko B, Saraswati LD, Ginandjar P

Received 2 May 2018

Accepted for publication 25 August 2018

Published 23 October 2018 Volume 2018:11 Pages 189—197


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Kent Rondeau

Bagoes Widjanarko,1,2 Lintang Dian Saraswati,3 Praba Ginandjar3

1Doctoral Program of Public Health, Faculty of Public Health, Diponegoro University, Semarang, Indonesia; 2Department of Health Promotion, Faculty of Public Health, Diponegoro University, Semarang, Indonesia; 3Department of Epidemiology and Tropical Diseases, Faculty of Public Health, Diponegoro University, Semarang, Indonesia

Purpose: Lymphatic filariasis (LF) is a chronic infection of Brugia malayi, Brugia timori, and Wuchereria bancrofti and is a mosquito-transmitted disease. Mass drug administration (MDA) needs to be done annually to control LF and requires adherence of endemic populations to take medication properly. Maintaining high coverage of MDA is a challenge because the activity needs to be done in several years. This study would like to know the compliance of the community in taking medication during MDA periods in Pekalongan district using the health belief model (HBM) approach.
Patients and methods: Study population was people living in endemic areas in Pekalongan district, Central Java Province. This was a cross-sectional study. HBM approach was used to analyze community perceived in regard to MDA. There were six of the 19 subdistrict selected as study location, and 100 subjects were selected from each sub-district. Therefore, a total of 600 subjects participated in this study. Data were collected using the structured questionnaire. Data were analyzed quantitatively using the Chi-squared test. Multivariate analysis was used for logistic regression.
Results: Results of this study showed that the mean age of subjects was 38.6 years and had been staying in their villages for more than 30 years. Gender, marital status, history of LF, history of LF in the family, and external cues to action did not relate to MDA compliance. Perceived susceptibility, perceived severity, perceived benefits, and perceived barriers were factors related to the compliance of MDA. After multivariate analysis, the perceived susceptibility did not have relationship with compliance.
Conclusion: This study showed HBM variables, ie, perceived susceptibility, perceived severity, perceived benefit, and perceived barrier associated with the medication adherence of LF. The role of elimination officers was important to increase community knowledge about MDA program and the benefit to control LF disease.

Keywords: lymphatic filariasis, health belief model, medication adherence

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