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Perampanel in the management of partial-onset seizures: a review of safety, efficacy, and patient acceptability

Authors Schulze-Bonhage A, Hintz M

Received 1 May 2015

Accepted for publication 3 July 2015

Published 11 August 2015 Volume 2015:9 Pages 1143—1151

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/PPA.S63951

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 4

Editor who approved publication: Dr Johnny Chen

Video abstract presented by Andreas Schulze-Bonhage.

Views: 483

Andreas Schulze-Bonhage, Mandy Hintz

Epilepsy Center, University Medical Center Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany

Abstract: Perampanel (PER) is a novel antiepileptic drug recently introduced for the adjunctive treatment in epilepsy patients aged 12 years or older with partial-onset seizures with or without secondary generalization in the US and Europe. Its antiepileptic action is based on noncompetitive inhibition of postsynaptic AMPA receptors, decreasing excitatory synaptic transmission. Evaluation of efficacy in three placebo-controlled randomized Phase III studies showed that add-on therapy of PER decreased seizure frequencies significantly compared to placebo at daily doses between 4 mg/day and 12 mg/day. PER’s long half-life of 105 hours allows for once-daily dosing that is favorable for patient compliance with intake. Long-term extension studies showed a 62.5%–69.6% adherence of patients after 1 year of treatment, comparing favorably with other second-generation antiepileptic drugs. Whereas these trials demonstrated an overall favorable tolerability profile of PER, nonspecific central nervous system adverse effects like somnolence, dizziness, headache, and fatigue may occur. In addition, neuropsychiatric disturbances ranging from irritability to suicidality were reported in several case reports; both placebo-controlled and prospective long-term extension trials showed a low incidence of such behavioral and psychiatric complaints. For early recognition of neuropsychiatric symptoms like depression, anxiety, and aggression, slow titration and close monitoring during drug introduction are mandatory. This allows on the one hand to recognize patients particularly susceptible to adverse effects of the drug, and on the other hand to render the drug’s full potential of seizure control available for the vast majority of patient groups tolerating the drug well.

Keywords: epilepsy, antiepileptic drugs, AMPA receptor, structural epilepsy, partial-onset seizures, perampanel

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