Pegaspargase, gemcitabine, dexamethasone, and cisplatin (P-GDP) combined chemotherapy is effective for newly diagnosed extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma: a retrospective study
Received 11 July 2018
Accepted for publication 2 October 2018
Published 29 October 2018 Volume 2018:10 Pages 5061—5069
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Dr Rituraj Purohit
Tao Liu, Fang Zhu, Yin Xiao, Qiuhui Li, Xinxiu Liu, Kunyu Yang, Gang Wu, Liling Zhang
Cancer Center, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China
Purpose: L-asparaginase or pegaspargase-based chemotherapies have shown promising results in the treatment of extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma. A retrospective study was conducted to determine the efficacy and safety of pegaspargase, gemcitabine, dexamethasone, and cisplatin (P-GDP) combined chemotherapy in patients with newly diagnosed extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma.
Patients and methods: From September 2013 to November 2016, 57 patients with newly diagnosed, stages I to IV, extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma received P-GDP chemotherapy. Clinical data from these patients were collected and analyzed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of P-GDP.
Results: All patients were subjected to 1–6 cycles of P-GDP chemotherapy, and the median number of cycles of P-GDP regimen administered was 3. The overall response rate was 89.5% (51/57), including a complete response rate of 70.2% (40/59) and a partial response rate of 19.3% (11/57). The median follow-up time was 28 months (range 2–54 months). The 2-year overall survival and progression-free survival (PFS) rates were 82.9% and 75.9%, respectively. For stage I/II patients and stage III/IV patients, 2-year PFS were 80.8% and 66.7%, respectively. The most common grade 3/4 adverse events were neutropenia (42.1%), thrombocytopenia (38.6%), and hypofibrinogenemia (26.3%). No treatment-related deaths were observed.
Conclusion: P-GDP combination chemotherapy is highly effective and safe for newly diagnosed patients with extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type. Additional large sample prospective trials are required to confirm these results.
Keywords: extranodal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma, pegaspargase, gemcitabine, efficacy, safety, retrospective study
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