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Patient satisfaction with treatment for alcohol use disorders: comparing patients with and without severe mental health symptoms

Authors McCallum SL, Andrews JM, Gaughwin MD, Turnbull DA, Mikocka-Walus AA

Received 22 July 2015

Accepted for publication 11 December 2015

Published 4 August 2016 Volume 2016:10 Pages 1489—1500

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/PPA.S92902

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Doris Leung

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Johnny Chen

Stacey L McCallum,1 Jane M Andrews,2,3 Matthew D Gaughwin,3,4 Deborah A Turnbull,1 Antonina A Mikocka-Walus5

1School of Psychology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Adelaide, 2Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Royal Adelaide Hospital, 3School of Public Health, University of Adelaide, 4Drug and Alcohol Consultation Liaison Service, Royal Adelaide Hospital, Adelaide, SA, Australia; 5Department of Health Sciences, University of York, Heslington, UK

Background:
Previous studies suggest patients with co-occurring alcohol use disorders (AUDs) and severe mental health symptoms (SMHS) are less satisfied with standard AUD treatment when compared to patients with an AUD alone. This study compared patient satisfaction with standard AUD treatment among patients with and without SMHS and explored how standard treatment might be improved to better address the needs of these patients.
Methods: Eighty-nine patients receiving treatment for an AUD either at an inpatient hospital, outpatient clinic, inpatient detoxification, or residential/therapeutic community services were surveyed. Patient satisfaction with treatment was assessed using the Treatment Perception Questionnaire (range: 0–40). Patients were stratified according to their score on the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale. Forty patients scored in the extremely severe range of depression (score >14) and/or anxiety (score >10) (indicating SMHS) and 49 patients did not. An inductive content analysis was also conducted on qualitative data relating to areas of service improvement.
Results: Patients with SMHS were found to be equally satisfied with treatment (mean =25.10, standard deviation =8.12) as patients with an AUD alone (mean =25.43, standard deviation =6.91). Analysis revealed that being an inpatient in hospital was associated with reduced treatment satisfaction. Patients with SMHS were found to be significantly less satisfied with staffs’ understanding of the type of help they wanted in treatment, when compared to patients with AUDs alone. Five areas for service improvement were identified, including staff qualities, informed care, treatment access and continuity, issues relating to inpatient stay, and addressing patients’ mental health needs.
Conclusion: While findings suggest that AUD treatment services adequately meet the needs of patients with SMHS in treatment, patients with SMHS do feel that staff lack understanding of their treatment needs. Findings have important implications as to how current health care practice might be improved according to the patient’s perspective of care.

Keywords: MeSH, alcohol use disorder, treatment, mental disorder, comorbidity, patient satisfaction

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