Patient-reported health as a prognostic factor for adverse events following percutaneous coronary intervention
Karin Biering,1 Hans Erik Bøtker,2 Troels Niemann,3 Niels Henrik Hjollund4,5
1Department of Occupational Medicine, Regional Hospital West Jutland, Herning, 2Department of Cardiology, Aarhus University Hospital, Skejby, Aarhus, 3Department of Cardiology, Regional Hospital West Jutland, Herning, 4WestChronic, Regional Hospital West Jutland, Herning, 5Department of Clinical Epidemiology, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark
Objective: A relation may exist between self-reported health and adverse events in coronary heart disease. Previous studies have been vulnerable to possible selection bias. In the study reported here, we examined the association between self-rated health and adverse events in terms of cardiac events, cardiac readmissions, and all-cause mortality in a complete cohort of patients treated with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).
Study design and setting: A cohort of patients with coronary heart disease treated with PCI was followed up with questionnaires 4 weeks after PCI to measure self-rated health and in registers to identify adverse events. Of 1,752 eligible patients under 67 years, 26 died during the first 4 weeks. A total of 224 patients were excluded from the analysis because they were readmitted with a cardiac diagnosis before answering the first questionnaire. We received complete SF-12 Health Survey component summaries from 984 of the remaining 1,502 patients. We used multiple imputation to establish a complete cohort, including nonrespondents.
Results: During follow-up, 83 patients died, 220 patients experienced a new cardiac event, and 526 patients experienced a hospital readmission related to coronary heart disease. Poor self-rated health was related to cardiac events, cardiac readmission, and all-cause mortality. The associations were stronger for all-cause mortality than for events and readmissions. Physical health was more important than mental health, but both revealed an exposure–response pattern.
Conclusion: Poor self-reported health within 4 weeks of PCI was associated with adverse outcomes during up to 5 years’ follow-up.
Keywords: coronary heart disease, patient-reported outcomes, SF-12 adverse events, mortality, multiple imputation
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