Patient perspectives in the management of overactive bladder, focus on transdermal oxybutynin
Tondalaya Gamble, Peter Sand
Evanston Continence Center, Division of Urogynecology, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Evanston Northwestern Healthcare, Northwestern University, Feinberg School of Medicine, Evanston, Illinois
Abstract: Overactive bladder syndrome (OAB) is a constellation of distressing symptoms that significantly impair quality of life, sexual function, and work productivity, and imposes a significant economic burden to society. Pharmacological treatment with antimuscarinic agents, behavioral modification, bladder retraining, and/or pelvic floor exercises are often used alone or in combination as the mainstay treatment in the management of OAB. Oxybutynin has been used in the treatment of OAB for over 20 years with proven efficacy and is often the comparator in drug treatment trials. Oral formulations of oxybutynin have proven efficacy, but not without significant antimuscarinic effects, which reduce patient persistence with medical treatment. Low levels of patient persistence with oral formulations of oxybutynin provided an impetus for the development of a transdermal oxybutynin delivery system. The oxybutynin transdermal formulation has been found to have side effects similar to that of a placebo in randomized controlled trials while providing excellent efficacy. Patient persistence with therapy, improved quality of life, sexual function and interpersonal relationships have been observed with use of the transdermal oxybutynin delivery system. Its twice weekly dosing, low side effect profile, and high efficacy have made it a good choice for initial treatment of overactive bladder syndrome.
Keywords: overactive bladder syndrome, oxybutynin, transdermal delivery
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