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Patient considerations in the management of gout and role of combination treatment with lesinurad

Authors Claus LW, Saseen JJ

Received 20 December 2017

Accepted for publication 12 May 2018

Published 18 July 2018 Volume 2018:9 Pages 231—238

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/PROM.S108868

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Cristina Weinberg

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Robert Howland


Liza W Claus, Joseph J Saseen

Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Colorado, Aurora, CO, USA

Abstract: Gouty arthritis is one of the most common rheumatic diseases, and the prevalence continues to rise, which is likely related to increased incidence of comorbidities, lifestyle factors, and suboptimal utilization of urate-lowering therapy. In recent years, multiple new guidelines have been published along with the approval of novel drug therapies. Still, gout remains a poorly controlled disease state that is accompanied by a reduced health-related quality of life, increased health care utilization, and overall negative socioeconomic effects, all of which have a negative impact on patient-related health outcomes. The key to success in gout management is utilization of urate-lowering therapy to prevent recurrence of acute gouty arthritis and to resolve tophi, if present. Xanthine oxidase inhibitors are first-line medications for the prevention of recurrent gout followed by uricosurics, including lesinurad (a uric acid reabsorption inhibitor) as an add-on option. The recent US Food and Drug Administration Safety Communication related to cardiovascular risk with febuxostat may result in increased use of allopurinol in combination therapy with a uricosuric agent such as lesinurad. In this review, we discuss gout management, clinical end points, and patient-related outcomes for consideration, summarize the evidence for combination therapy to achieve serum urate targets, and focus on lesinurad as a novel newer medication for the prevention of gout.

Keywords: gouty arthritis, patient-centered, treatment, lesinurad

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