Back to Journals » OncoTargets and Therapy » Volume 14

Partial Response to Pyrotinib Plus Capecitabine in an Advanced Breast Cancer Patient with HER2 Amplification and R157W Mutation After Anti-HER2 Treatment: A Case Report and Literature Review

Authors Qu Y, Liu Y, Ding K, Li Y, Hong X, Zhang H

Received 1 November 2020

Accepted for publication 7 January 2021

Published 2 March 2021 Volume 2021:14 Pages 1581—1588


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Federico Perche

Yanchun Qu,1– 3,* Yufeng Liu,3,* Kailin Ding,3 Yong Li,1,2 Xiaoyu Hong,4 Haibo Zhang1,2

1Department of Oncology, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Oncology, Guangdong Provincial Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou, People’s Republic of China; 3The Second Clinical Medical College of Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou, People’s Republic of China; 4Nanjing Geneseeq Technology Inc, Nanjing, People’s Republic of China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Correspondence: Haibo Zhang
Department of Oncology, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, No. 111 Dade Road, Yuexiu District, Guangzhou, 510120, People’s Republic of China
Tel +86-020-81887233
Email [email protected]

Abstract: Human epidermal growth factor receptor2 (HER2) overexpression/amplification is associated with high malignancy, rapid disease progression and poor overall survival in breast cancer. The application of anti-HER2 drugs has greatly improved the survival of patients with HER2-positive breast cancer, but drug resistance issues affect the long-term efficacy. The HER2 mutation is considered to be one of the reasons for resistance to anti-HER2 therapy, and there is currently no standard treatment. We report for the first time the detection of HER2 amplification with R157W mutation by second-generation sequencing (NGS) in a 57-year-old hormone receptor-negative, HER2-positive woman with advanced breast cancer who was resistant to multi-line anti-HER2 therapies. She subsequently received pyrotinib combined with capecitabine treatment and achieved partial response. The small-molecule pan-HER family irreversible inhibitor pyrotinib combined with capecitabine has shown a promising effect in the treatment of HER2 mutation-induced resistance, but the molecular mechanism and efficacy need to be further verified.

Keywords: breast cancer, HER2 amplification, HER2 R157W mutation, pyrotinib plus capecitabine, anti-HER2 treatment

Creative Commons License This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.

Download Article [PDF]  View Full Text [HTML][Machine readable]