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Paradoxes in the Phenotype, Frequency and Roles of Myeloid-Derived Suppressor Cells During HIV Infection

Authors Ademe M

Received 6 February 2020

Accepted for publication 1 April 2020

Published 14 April 2020 Volume 2020:12 Pages 151—156


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Professor Bassel Sawaya

Muluneh Ademe

Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Parasitology, College of Health Sciences, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Correspondence: Muluneh Ademe Email

Abstract: Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) are heterogeneous groups of pathologically activated myeloid cells with potent immunosuppressive function. Due to their role in negatively regulating the immune system, MDSCs have been strongly correlated with disease progression during HIV. However, findings vary considerably between studies. The dominant phenotype of MDSC subsets during HIV is not well ascertained. Moreover, there is no clear understanding on the clinical significance of MDSCs during HIV infection. The existing evidences showed the double-sided roles of MDSCs in HIV. On the one hand, MDSCs are linked to deleterious effects during HIV infection as they inhibit proliferation of protective T cell response. On the other hand, the immunosuppressive abilities of MDSCs were shown to be beneficial in curbing the damaging effects of persistent immune activation associated with chronic HIV infection. Therefore, this review aimed to describe the differences in the existing literatures pertaining to the phenotype, frequency and roles of MDSCs during HIV infection.

Keywords: MDSCs, phenotype, HIV, ART, therapeutic targets, paradox

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