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Pain perception: predictive value of sex, depression, anxiety, somatosensory amplification, obesity, and age

Authors Kivrak Y, Kose Ozlece H, Ustündag MF, Asoglu M

Received 23 February 2016

Accepted for publication 8 April 2016

Published 1 August 2016 Volume 2016:12 Pages 1913—1918

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/NDT.S106974

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Colin Mak

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Roger Pinder


Yuksel Kivrak,1 Hatice Kose-Ozlece,2 Mehmet Fatih Ustundag,3 Mehmet Asoglu4

1Department of Psychiatry, 2Department of Neurology, Medical Faculty, Kafkas University, Kars, 3Department of Psychiatry, Medical Faculty, Ataturk University, Erzurum, 4Department of Psychiatry, Medical Faculty, Harran University, Sanliurfa, Turkey


Objective: Factors affecting pain sensation are still being investigated. In this study, we aimed to examine the effects of sex, age, body mass index (BMI), somatosensory amplification, anxiety, and depression on the perception of pain.
Methods: Venipuncture was performed on 140 healthy individuals. All the cases completed a sociodemographic data form, visual analog scale (VAS), Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), Beck Depression Inventory, and Somatosensory Amplification Scale. Height and weight were also measured.
Results: When both the sexes were compared, there was no difference in terms of VAS, BMI, age, and Beck Depression Inventory, but Somatosensory Amplification Scale and BAI were found to be higher in females. A correlation was found among VAS points, BAI, and BMI. The results of a regression analysis show that the BAI score is a predictor for the VAS score.
Conclusion: These results indicate that anxiety may be a predictor of pain, whereas sex, depression, somatosensory amplification, age, and weight do not appear to influence the perception of pain.

Keywords: pain perception, anxiety, depression, obesity

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