Back to Journals » Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment » Volume 12

Pain perception: predictive value of sex, depression, anxiety, somatosensory amplification, obesity, and age

Authors Kivrak Y, Kose Ozlece H, Ustündag MF, Asoglu M

Received 23 February 2016

Accepted for publication 8 April 2016

Published 1 August 2016 Volume 2016:12 Pages 1913—1918


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Roger Pinder

Yuksel Kivrak,1 Hatice Kose-Ozlece,2 Mehmet Fatih Ustundag,3 Mehmet Asoglu4

1Department of Psychiatry, 2Department of Neurology, Medical Faculty, Kafkas University, Kars, 3Department of Psychiatry, Medical Faculty, Ataturk University, Erzurum, 4Department of Psychiatry, Medical Faculty, Harran University, Sanliurfa, Turkey

Objective: Factors affecting pain sensation are still being investigated. In this study, we aimed to examine the effects of sex, age, body mass index (BMI), somatosensory amplification, anxiety, and depression on the perception of pain.
Methods: Venipuncture was performed on 140 healthy individuals. All the cases completed a sociodemographic data form, visual analog scale (VAS), Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), Beck Depression Inventory, and Somatosensory Amplification Scale. Height and weight were also measured.
Results: When both the sexes were compared, there was no difference in terms of VAS, BMI, age, and Beck Depression Inventory, but Somatosensory Amplification Scale and BAI were found to be higher in females. A correlation was found among VAS points, BAI, and BMI. The results of a regression analysis show that the BAI score is a predictor for the VAS score.
Conclusion: These results indicate that anxiety may be a predictor of pain, whereas sex, depression, somatosensory amplification, age, and weight do not appear to influence the perception of pain.

Keywords: pain perception, anxiety, depression, obesity

Creative Commons License This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.

Download Article [PDF]  View Full Text [HTML][Machine readable]