Overexpression of microRNA-216a inhibits autophagy by targeting regulated MAP1S in colorectal cancer
Authors Wang Y, Zhang S, Dang S, Fang X, Liu M
Received 4 December 2018
Accepted for publication 27 April 2019
Published 12 June 2019 Volume 2019:12 Pages 4621—4629
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewers approved by Ms Justinn Cochran
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Dr Tohru Yamada
Yunfeng Wang, Songyan Zhang, Shuwei Dang, Xuan Fang, Ming Liu
Department of General Surgery, The Fourth Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Harbin, Heilongjiang, People’s Republic of China
Background: Autophagy executes the rapid degradation of unneeded proteins and organelles through the lysosomal pathway, and is a crucial catabolic process widely conserved among eukaryotes. miRNAs can modulate autophagy by targeting genes encoding proteins involved in the process. A great deal of researchhas indicated that miR-216a was a functional miRNA related to tumorigenesis. However, the contribution of miR-216a to autophagy in colorectal cancer (CRC) remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of miR-216a in autophagy in CRC cells.
Methods: The expression levels of miR-216a in 67 paired CRC patients were evaluated by qRT-PCR. Direct gene targeting predicted by TargetScan and miRanda was confirmed by luciferase activity. Western blot and flow cytometry were used to identify the regulatory mechanism of miR-216a on autophagy in CRC cells.
Results: We determined that miR-216a is downregulated in CRC by screening its expression in 67 CRC tissue samples. Dual luciferase reporter assays showed that miR-216a binds the 3′-UTR of MAP1S, suggesting that MAP1S is a direct target of miR-216a. miR-216a could inhibit autophagy in HCT-116 and HT-29 CRC cells through downregulating MAP1S expression. Flow cytometry and Western blot analysis demonstrated that overexpression of miR-216a reduced MAP1S mRNA and protein levels. Moreover, we determined that miR-216a-regulated inhibition of autophagy via MAP1S regulation involves the TGF-β pathway.
Conclusion: Taken together, our findings indicate that miR-216a was a tumor-suppressor miRNA in human CRC, which can inhibit autophagy via the TGF-β/MAP1S pathway.
Keywords: miR-216a, MAP1S, autophagy, TGF-β, colorectal cancer
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