Outcomes of Conductive Keratoplasty Combined with Corneal Crosslinking in Advanced Ectatic Corneal Disease
Received 10 June 2020
Accepted for publication 15 January 2021
Published 29 March 2021 Volume 2021:15 Pages 1317—1329
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single anonymous peer review
Peer reviewer comments 3
Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser
Mazen M Sinjab,1,2 Roy S Rubinfeld,3,4 Kirsten Wagner,5,6 Edward C Parsons Jnr,7 Arthur B Cummings,8 Michael W Belin9
1Dr. Mazen Eye Clinic, Medcare Hospitals and Centres, Dubai, United Arab Emirates; 2Al Zahra Medical Group, Damascus, Syria; 3Department of Ophthalmology, Georgetown University Medical School/Washington Hospital Center, Washington, DC, USA; 4Re:Vision Private Practice, Rockville, MD, USA; 5Department of Ophthalmology, Medstar Georgetown University Hospital, Washington, DC, USA; 6Department of Ophthalmology, Medstar Washington Hospital Center, Washington, DC, USA; 7CXL Ophthalmics, Encinitas, CA, USA; 8Wellington Eye Clinic, Dublin, Ireland; 9Department of Ophthalmology, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, USA
Correspondence: Roy S Rubinfeld 3131 Connecticut Ave, NW, #2809, Washington, DC, 20008, USA
Email [email protected]
Purpose: To assess the effectiveness of a novel treatment for patients with advanced corneal ectasia and loss of visual acuity (VA). Conductive keratoplasty (CK) is performed to improve VA followed by epithelium-on (epi-on) corneal crosslinking (CXL) to stabilize the cornea after CK.
Methods: Retrospective, exploratory cohort study. Patients with keratoconus or postsurgical ectasia and best spectacle-corrected distance VA (CDVA) ≤ 20/40 were included. Conductive keratoplasty was performed (ViewPoint CK System, Refractec, Inc., Bloomington, MN); followed a day later by epi-on CXL (CXLUSA/CXLO, Bethesda, MD/CXLO Encinitas, CA). Measures included uncorrected distance visual acuity (UDVA) and CDVA, as well as refractive and tomographic measures and tomographic indices.
Results: Data from 50 eyes of 45 patients were analyzed. Mean follow-up was 15.1 ± 12.2 months (range: 2 to 51). Overall, UDVA and CDVA improved postoperatively. Subjective refraction and tomographic metrics did not show consistent changes, but changes in tomographic indices were associated with treatment follow-up time. At the 1-year visit, mean UDVA significantly improved over baseline (P = 0.009) by approximately 3 lines; mean CDVA improved significantly (P = 10− 5) by approximately 2 lines. No eye lost lines of CDVA. Change in the Index of Surface Variance (ISV) was associated with treatment, and the D-Index trended over follow-up time.
Conclusion: Conductive keratoplasty with a proprietary epi-on CXL treatment improved vision in patients with advanced ectasia This CK/epi-on CXL treatment offers the possibility of improved VA for patients with compromised vision due to ectasia.
Keywords: conductive keratoplasty, CK, corneal crosslinking, crosslinking, keratoconus, ectasia, thermokeratoplasty
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