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Outbreaks And Epidemics Of Superficial Dermatophytosis Due To Trichophyton mentagrophytes Complex And Microsporum canis: Global And Indian Scenario

Authors Thakur R, Kalsi AS

Received 26 June 2019

Accepted for publication 29 October 2019

Published 11 December 2019 Volume 2019:12 Pages 887—893

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/CCID.S220849

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Jeffrey Weinberg


Video abstract presented by Avneet Singh Kalsi

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Rameshwari Thakur, Avneet Singh Kalsi

Department of Dermatology and Microbiology, Muzaffarnagar Medical College and Hospital, Chaudhary Charan Singh University, Meerut, India

Correspondence: Rameshwari Thakur U-18/75, FF, Pink Town House, DLF City, Phase-3, Gurgaon, Haryana 122002, India
Tel +91-9627440337
Email rameshwari_thakur@hotmail.com

Abstract: Until recently, superficial dermatophytosis, also known as tinea, was considered as a minor skin infection, which was easy to treat. There used to be rare outbreaks and epidemics of superficial dermatophytosis. Lately, there is a sweeping change in the clinical presentation due to extensive, atypical and recalcitrant dermatophytosis. Treating such infections poses a great challenge to the clinicians. Dermatophytosis is a superficial fungal infection of keratinized tissue (skin, hairs and nails) by dermatophytes (fungus). It is caused by the three genera of dermatophytes: Trichophyton, Epidermophyton and Microsporum. The conventional methods of laboratory diagnosis have now been substantiated by molecular characterization. Earlier epidemics were usually due to anthropophilic dermatophytes. Now, zoophilic dermatophytes are also responsible for many outbreaks and epidemics. We need to be equipped with the tools to face the current scenario, because this depends upon the competence of the staff working in the state-of-the-art laboratories, which is needed for the study of the epidemiology and appropriate treatment.

Keywords: Trichophyton mentagrophytes (T. mentagrophytes), Microsporum canis (M. canis), epidemic, outbreak
 

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