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Osteopontin promotes dendritic cell maturation and function in response to HBV antigens

Authors Cui G, Chen J, He J, Lu C, Wei Y, Wang L, Xu X, Li L, Uede T, Diao H

Received 27 January 2015

Accepted for publication 8 April 2015

Published 12 June 2015 Volume 2015:9 Pages 3003—3016


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 6

Editor who approved publication: Professor Shu-Feng Zhou

Guangying Cui,1,2 Jianing Chen,1,2 Jianqin He,1,2 Chong Lu,1,2 Yingfeng Wei,1,2 Lin Wang,1,2 Xuejun Xu,3 Lanjuan Li,1,2 Toshimitsu Uede,4 Hongyan Diao1,2

1State Key Laboratory for Diagnosis and Treatment of Infectious Diseases, the First Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, 2Collaborative Innovation Center for Diagnosis and Treatment of Infectious Diseases, Hangzhou, 3Department of Oral Orthodontics, Affiliated Stomatology Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, People’s Republic of China; 4Molecular Immunology, Institute for Genetic Medicine, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan

Purpose: Dendritic cells (DCs) play critical roles in promoting innate and adaptive immunity in microbial infection. Functional impairment of DCs may mediate the suppression of viral-specific T-cell immune response in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients. Osteopontin (OPN) is involved in several liver diseases and infectious diseases. However, whether OPN affects DC function in hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is unknown.
Methods: Twenty CHB patients and 20 healthy volunteers were recruited. OPN secreted by DCs was compared. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells cultured with OPN antibody were examined to study the costimulatory molecular expression and interleukin (IL)-12 production of DCs after HBV antigenic stimulation. OPN-deficient mice were used to investigate the influence of OPN on DC maturation and function after HBV antigenic stimulation in vitro and in vivo. Exogenous OPN was administrated to further verify the functioning of DCs from CHB patients upon HBV antigenic stimulation.
Results: We found that OPN production of DCs from CHB patients was significantly lower than those from healthy volunteers. The absence of OPN impaired IL-12 production and costimulatory molecular expression of DCs upon stimulation with HBV antigens. Defective DC function led to reduced activation of Th1 response to HBV antigens. In addition, OPN deficiency in DCs reduced the HBV antigen-induced inflammatory response in the liver of mice. Importantly, OPN administration significantly promoted the maturation of DCs from CHB patients in vitro.
Conclusion: These findings suggested that OPN could improve the maturation and functioning of DCs in the immune response to HBV antigens, which might be useful to further improve the effect of DC vaccine.

Keywords: osteopontin, dendritic cells, hepatitis B virus

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