Organ Donation In Bahrain
Authors Khder MA, AlNoaimi LK
Received 5 March 2019
Accepted for publication 5 November 2019
Published 9 December 2019 Volume 2019:11 Pages 59—68
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Professor Qing Yi
Moaiad Ahmad Khder, Latifa Khalid AlNoaimi
Department of Computer Science, Applied Science University, East Al-Ekir, Bahrain
Correspondence: Moaiad Ahmad Khder
Department of Computer Science, Applied Science University, East Al-Ekir Tel +973 3449 2769
Introduction: Organ-donation research is vital to save human lives and to give people in need hope and longer lives. There are three ways to donate an organ: in the event of brain-stem or circulatory death, and living donation. Organ donation can be done for two reasons: medical research and transplantation into another person in need of that organ. Transplantated organs include kidneys, lungs, hearts, pancreas, bone marrow, bones, skin, corneas, and intestines. There are some organs that can be donated while the donor is still alive, such as part of the liver, kidney, part of the pancreas, part of the lung, and part of the intestine, with the rest occurring after the donor is dead.
Objective: The purpose of this research was to present the history of organ donation in Bahrain, how people in Bahrain are aware of organ donation, and who decides to donate their organs, do not accept donation of their organs, and those who are still thinking about it. Moreover, interviewing specialists and studying the record of transplant surgery will give us knowledge of organs available in Bahrain, the number of the transplants that have taken place, and surgery that has not taken place yet. It is hoped that this research will encourage people to donate their organs, help patients to have a completely normal life again, and motivate more researchers to explore this area.
Methods: The technique used in this study was based on data collected from different and various resources and studies about organ donation and transplantation in general and Bahrain in particular. In order to enrich this research, an interview with an expert in the field is held. In addition to that, a deep questionnaire was used to assess the number of participants in the organ-donor registry and those waiting for an organ transplant, in addition to getting a look into their history to see if they had ever gone under transplant surgery, whether as a donor, recipient, or neither, and to know their position regarding different organ-donation aspects.
Results: Quantitative parameters were extracted from responses and participants’ views. The results showed that Bahrain has few people on the organ-donor register, few waiting for transplant surgery, and few who had undergone transplant surgery, in addition to very different responses regarding willingness to donate organs: many were not willing to donate their organs or not sure. Few knew about laws and regulations in Bahrain, which might have been the reason for the low numbers on the organ-donor register. Also, those willing to donate their organs were aged 18–24 years, but despite that, most would donate an organ for their loved ones, while on the other hand most would not donate family member’s organs. The results also showed that most would not donate for money.
Conclusion: The data extracted from this study can be used in a quantitative description of organ donation in Bahrain in many aspects. Overall results show how to prevent the problem of organ failure by lessening prevalence its main factors and to spread awareness of donating organs.
Keywords: organ, donation, Bahrain, transplantation, donor, recipient, surgery, organ failure
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