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Oral Nano Drug Delivery Systems for the Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: An Available Administration Strategy for Antidiabetic Phytocompounds

Authors Nie X, Chen Z, Pang L, Wang L, Jiang H, Chen Y, Zhang Z, Fu C, Ren B, Zhang J

Received 3 October 2020

Accepted for publication 23 November 2020

Published 16 December 2020 Volume 2020:15 Pages 10215—10240

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/IJN.S285134

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Prof. Dr. Dongwoo Khang


Xin Nie,1 Zhejie Chen,2 Lan Pang,1 Lin Wang,1 Huajuan Jiang,1 Yi Chen,1 Zhen Zhang,1 Chaomei Fu,1 Bo Ren,1 Jinming Zhang1

1College of Pharmacy, Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chengdu 611137, People’s Republic of China; 2State Key Laboratory of Quality Research in Chinese Medicine, Institute of Chinese Medical Sciences, University of Macau, Macao, 999087, People’s Republic of China

Correspondence: Jinming Zhang; Bo Ren Email cdutcmzjm@126.com; renbo@cdutcm.edu.cn

Abstract: In view of the worldwide serious health threat of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), natural sources of chemotherapies have been corroborated as the promising alternatives, with the excellent antidiabetic activities, bio-safety, and more cost-effective properties. However, their clinical application is somewhat limited, because of the poor solubility, instability in the gastrointestinal tract (GIT), low bioavailability, and so on. Nowadays, to develop nanoscaled systems has become a prominent strategy to improve the drug delivery of phytochemicals. In this review, we primarily summarized the intervention mechanisms of phytocompounds against T2DM and presented the recent advances in various nanosystems of antidiabetic phytocompounds. Selected nanosystems were grouped depending on their classification and structures, including polymeric NPs, lipid-based nanosystems, vesicular systems, inorganic nanocarriers, and so on. Based on this review, the state-of-the-art nanosystems for phytocompounds in T2DM treatment have been presented, suggesting the preponderance and potential of nanotechnologies.

Keywords: type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), phytocompounds, drug delivery systems, nanoparticles (NPs), antidiabetic effects

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