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Oral Health-Related Quality of Life of Saudi Young Adults with Vertical Discrepancies in Occlusion

Authors Altouki NH, Albrahim MA, Hassan AH, Natto ZS, Alhajrasi MK

Received 18 October 2019

Accepted for publication 12 May 2020

Published 19 June 2020 Volume 2020:14 Pages 1021—1026

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/PPA.S235141

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Johnny Chen


Nour H Altouki,1 Maryam A Albrahim,2 Ali H Hassan,3 Zuhair S Natto,4 Manar K Alhajrasi5

1Saudi Board of Orthodontics, Jeddah Specialty Dental Center, MOH, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia; 2Faculty of Dentistry, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia; 3Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia; 4Department of Dental Public Health, Faculty of Dentistry, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia; 5Jeddah Specialty Dental Center, Ministry of Health, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence: Ali H Hassan
Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, King Abdulaziz University, PO Box 80209, Jeddah 21589, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Tel +966 50 364 7336
Email aakbr@kau.edu.sa

Background: Malocclusion is one of the most common oral health problems that affects quality of life. It is important to understand how different types of malocclusion can affect the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL). Vertical discrepancy in occlusion is highly prevalent, yet there are no studies evaluating its impact on OHRQoL in the Saudi population. Therefore, in this study, we aim to investigate the impact of vertical discrepancy in occlusion on patients’ OHRQoL.
Patient and Methods: A cross-sectional evaluation of 109 patients with open and deep bites who attended the orthodontics screening clinic at King Abdulaziz University Dental Hospital was carried out. The OHRQoL of each participant was assessed using the shortened, Arabic-version of the oral health impact profile-14 questionnaire. Chi-squared and Fisher’s exact tests were used for analysis.
Results: The findings indicated a statistically significant association between anterior vertical discrepancy in occlusion and embarrassment (p = 0.001), followed by being self-conscious about their appearance, discomfort while eating (p = 0.009), generalized mouth aching (p = 0.012), and speech problems (p = 0.049). This Impact was significantly higher in participants with open bites. Regarding gender variables, female patients were found to be significantly more embarrassed (p = 0.005), while male patients were more self-conscious (p = 0.018).
Conclusion: Vertical discrepancy in occlusion has a negative impact on OHRQoL and its domains in both genders. The negative impact is highlighted in the psychological disability, psychological discomfort, physical pain, and functional limitation domains.

Keywords: malocclusion, OHIP-14, OHRQoL, open bite, deep bite

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