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Oncological Outcome of Combining Cytoreductive Prostatectomy and Metastasis-Directed Radiotherapy in Patients with Prostate Cancer and Bone Oligometastases: A Retrospective Cohort Study

Authors Xue P, Wu Z, Wang K, Gao G, Min Z, Yan M

Received 8 July 2020

Accepted for publication 4 September 2020

Published 23 September 2020 Volume 2020:12 Pages 8867—8873


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Sanjeev Srivastava

Peng Xue,1 Ziyu Wu,2 Kunpen Wang,1 Guojun Gao,3 Min Zhuang,4 Miao Yan4

1Department of Urology, First People Hospital of Lianyungang, Lianyungang, Jiangsu Province, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Urology, NO 2 Hospital of Huaian, Huaian, Jiangsu Province, People’s Republic of China; 3Department of Urology, The Affiliated Hospital of Weifang Medical College, Weifang, Shandong Province, People’s Republic of China; 4Department of Oncology, First People Hospital of Lianyungang, Lianyungang, Jiangsu Province, People’s Republic of China

Correspondence: Miao Yan
Department of Oncology, First People Hospital of Lianyungang, Zhenghua Road 6, Lianyungang, Jiangsu Province 222002, People’s Republic of China
Tel +86051885605016

Background: The current standard of care for metastatic prostate cancer (mPCa) is androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) with or without anti-androgen and chemotherapy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of a multimodal approach including local primary tumor therapy, metastasis-directed therapy (MDT), and hormonal therapy in patients with oligometastatic prostate cancer (PCa).
Methods: We reviewed data of patients with PCa and bone oligometastases at diagnosis treated in three institutions with ADT followed by cytoreductive surgery with or without metastases-directed radiotherapy. Oligometastases were defined as the presence of five or fewer metastatic lesions with the absence of visceral metastases. In this retrospective cohort study, 58 patients underwent cytoreductive radical prostatectomy and ADT. Of these, 26 patients (45%) received stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) to all metastatic sites as a MDT. Oncological outcomes were analyzed using the Kaplan–Meier method.
Results: The median follow-up period was 46.2 months. Of the 58 patients, the 3-year castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC)-free survival and cancer-specific survival was 75.9% and 91.4%, respectively. Pre- or post-treatment predictive factors for progression to CRPC, including prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level at diagnosis ≥ 20 ng/mL, Gleason grade groups 5, clinical T stage cT3b-4, PSA nadir level of ≥ 0.05 ng/mL, and no MDT with SBRT, were significantly associated with progression to CRPC. Subgroup analysis showed that the MDT group had significantly better CRPC-free survival than the non-MDT group with Gleason grade groups 1– 4 (HR=0.228; 95% CI= 0.056– 0.926). A total of 3.4% of the patients had grade 2 acute genitourinary toxicities and 5.2% had grade 2 acute gastrointestinal toxicities. No late grade > 2 adverse events were observed.
Conclusion: This multi-center, retrospective cohort study revealed the feasibility of combining cytoreductive prostatectomy and metastasis-directed radiotherapy for newly-diagnosed oligometastatic PCa. This treatment strategy has the potential to delay the progression to CRPC.

Keywords: oligometastases, prostate cancer, stereotactic body radiotherapy, androgen deprivation therapy, radical prostatectomy, metastasis-directed therapy

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