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Oleic acid-loaded nanostructured lipid carrier inhibits neutrophil activities in the presence of albumin and alleviates skin inflammation

Authors Chen CY, Lee YH, Chang SH, Tsai YF, Fang JY, Hwang TL

Received 13 March 2019

Accepted for publication 16 July 2019

Published 16 August 2019 Volume 2019:14 Pages 6539—6553


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Mian Wang

Chun-Yu Chen,1,2 Ying-Hsuan Lee,1 Shih-Hsin Chang,1,3–5 Yung-Fong Tsai,1,2 Jia-You Fang,1–3,5 Tsong-Long Hwang1–3,5,6

1Graduate Institute of Natural Products, College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan 333, Taiwan; 2Department of Anesthesiology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taoyuan 333, Taiwan; 3Chinese Herbal Medicine Research Team, Healthy Aging Research Center, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan 333, Taiwan; 4Graduate Institute of Health Industry Technology, College of Human Ecology, Chang Gung University of Science and Technology, Taoyuan 333, Taiwan; 5Research Center for Chinese Herbal Medicine, Research Center for Food and Cosmetic Safety, and Graduate Institute of Health Industry Technology, College of Human Ecology, Chang Gung University of Science and Technology, Taoyuan 333, Taiwan; 6Department of Chemical Engineering, Ming Chi University of Technology, New Taipei City 243, Taiwan

Aim: This paper reports on the incorporation of oleic acid (OA) within nanostructured lipid carriers (OA-NLC) to improve the anti-inflammatory effects in the presence of albumin.
Materials and methods: NLCs produced via hot high-shear homogenization/ultrasonication were characterized in terms of particle size, zeta potential, and toxicity. We examined the effects of OA-NLC on neutrophil activities. Dermatologic therapeutic potential was also elucidated by using a murine model of leukotriene B4-induced skin inflammation.
Results: In the presence of albumin, OA-NLC but not free OA inhibited superoxide generation and elastase release. Topical administration of OA-NLC alleviated neutrophil infiltration and severity of skin inflammation.
Conclusion: OA incorporated within NLC can overcome the interference of albumin, which would undermine the anti-inflammatory effects of OA. OA-NLC has potential therapeutic effects in topical ointments.

Keywords: oleic acid, nanostructured lipid carrier, neutrophil, reactive oxygen species, superoxide, elastase

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