Older People’s Attitudes And Perspectives Of Welfare Technology In Norway
Received 14 June 2019
Accepted for publication 6 September 2019
Published 16 October 2019 Volume 2019:12 Pages 841—853
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser
Veralia Gabriela Sánchez,1 Camilla Anker-Hansen,2 Ingrid Taylor,3 Grethe Eilertsen3,4
1Faculty of Technology, Natural Sciences and Maritime Sciences, University of South-Eastern Norway, Porsgrunn, Telemark, Norway; 2Faculty of Health and Welfare, Østfold University College, Fredrikstad, Østfold, Norway; 3Faculty of Health and Social Sciences, University of South-Eastern Norway, Drammen, Buskerud, Norway; 4Research Group of Studies on Older People, Faculty of Health and Social Sciences, University of South-Eastern Norway, Drammen, Buskerud, Norway
Correspondence: Veralia Gabriela Sánchez
University of South-Eastern Norway, Postbox 235, Kongsberg 3603, Norway
Tel +47 35 57 53 61
Background: In Norway, as in other European countries, the ageing population is increasing rapidly. Governments seek to enable older people stay in their homes for as long as possible, and welfare technology (WT) has been proposed as a possible solution. Human behaviour modelling (HBM) is a welfare technology that identifies an individual’s behaviour patterns and detects abnormal behaviours, including falls and early signs of dementia. However, the successful development of HBM WT requires the consideration of the older people’s attitudes on this.
Aim: The present study sought to explore attitudes and perspectives about welfare technology among older people living alone in Norway.
Methods: We used an exploratory, qualitative approach in which semi-structured, in-depth interviews were conducted with five women and four men between the ages of 79 and 91. The interviews were analysed using qualitative content analysis.
Results: Two categories and four subcategories were identified: 1) preferences and concerns of welfare technology (i) feeling confident-proactive approach of future technology, (ii) concerns and dilemmas, and 2) reflections of today and tomorrow- awareness of own health (i) feeling healthy, independent, self-sufficient and safe, (ii) facing own ageing- preparedness on unpredictable scenarios. The main theme, welfare technology - a valuable addition to tomorrow’s homes, represents how the participants held positive and proactive attitudes towards the use of WT in their homes.
Conclusion: Participants trusted the Norwegian healthcare system and did not rely on their families for care. Independence, autonomy, and feeling safe were essential for all participants, and most participants regarded welfare technology as empowering them to remain in their homes for as long as possible. Participants already confidently used various technologies in their daily lives. Surprisingly, they expressed no concerns about privacy, but some mention concerns about loss of autonomy and dignity. We conclude that a person-centred approach to integrating new WT is necessary.
Keywords: assistive technology, ambient assistive living, ethical challenges, healthcare, ageing in place, human behaviour
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