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NVP-BEZ235 overcomes gefitinib-acquired resistance by down-regulating PI3K/AKT/ mTOR phosphorylation

Authors Sun Z, Li Q, Zhang S, Chen J, Huang L, Ren J, Chang Y, Liang Y, Wu G

Received 8 February 2014

Accepted for publication 16 May 2014

Published 29 January 2015 Volume 2015:8 Pages 269—277

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/OTT.S62128

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 3


Zhihua Sun,2,* Qiuhui li,1,* Sheng Zhang,1 Jing Chen,1 Lili Huang,3 Jinghua Ren,1 Yu Chang,1 Yichen Liang,1 Gang Wu1

1Cancer Center, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei, People’s Republic of China; 2Oncology department, Xiangyang central Hospital, Xiangyang, Hubei, People’s Republic of China; 3Radiation Oncology Department, Fifth Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Zhuhai, Guangdong, People's Republic of China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Background: Patients harboring activating mutations in epidermal growth factor receptors (EGFR) are particularly sensitive to EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs). However, most patients develop an acquired resistance after a period of about 10 months. This study focuses on the therapeutic effect of NVP-BEZ235, a dual inhibitor of phosphatidylinositol- 3-kinase/mammalian target of rapamycin (PI3K/mTOR), in gefitinib-resistant non-small cell lung cancer.
Methods: H1975 cell line was validated as a gefitinib-resistant cell model by the nucleotide-sequence analysis. We used the 3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay to detect the growth of H1975 cell line in vitro. H1975 cells' migration was detected by the migration assay. Xenograft models were used to investigate the growth of gefitinib-resistant non-small cell lung cancer in vivo. Western blot and immunohistochemical analysis were used to investigate the level of PI3K/protein kinase B(AKT)/mTOR signaling pathway proteins.
Results: We show that NVP-BEZ235 effectively inhibited the growth of H1975 cells in vivo as well as in vitro. Similarly, H1975 cell migration was reduced by NVP-BEZ235. Further experiments revealed that NVP-BEZ235 attenuated the phosphorylation of PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling pathway proteins.
Conclusion: Taken together, we suggest that NVP-BEZ235 inhibits gefitinib-resistant tumor growth by downregulating PI3K/AKT/mTOR phosphorylation.

Keywords: gefitinib-acquired resistance, PI3K kinase, mTOR, NVP-BEZ235

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