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Nutrition in neonatal congenital heart disease

Authors Morgan CT, Shine AM, McMahon CJ

Received 24 April 2013

Accepted for publication 19 June 2013

Published 11 September 2013 Volume 2013:3 Pages 45—50


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 3

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Conall T Morgan,1 Anne Marie Shine,2 Colin J McMahon1

1Department of Pediatric Cardiology, 2Department of Clinical Nutrition and Dietetics, Our Lady's Children's Hospital Crumlin, Dublin, Republic of Ireland

Abstract: There are 40,000 infants born in the USA with congenital heart disease annually. Achievement of adequate oral nutrition is difficult in this population. Malnutrition is common. Single ventricle physiology, the risk of necrotizing enterocolitis, and cardiopulmonary bypass prevent the establishment of normal oral feeding patterns. Improved nutrition results in improved surgical outcomes, lower mortality, and shorter hospital stay. In this review, we discuss the challenges this population faces.

Keywords: necrotizing enterocolitis, malnutrition, growth failure, hypoplastic left heart

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