Back to Journals » Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare » Volume 2

Nurse stress at two different organizational settings in Alexandria

Authors Ashraf AZ Zaghloul, Nagwa Y Abou El Enein

Published 15 April 2009 Volume 2009:2 Pages 45—51

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/JMDH.S5404

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2

Ashraf AZ Zaghloul, Nagwa Y Abou El Enein

Department of Health Administration and Behavioural Sciences, High Institute of Public Health, University of Alexandria, Alexandria, Egypt

Objective: The objective of the study was to explore the difference in stress levels among nurses working at two different health care organizations and the determinants of nurse stress within each organization. Job stress is defined as the harmful emotional and physical reactions resulting from the interactions between the worker and her/his work environment where the demands of the job exceed the worker’s capabilities and resources.

Methodology: A convenient sample of nurses in two hospitals in Alexandria; Shark Al Madina (n = 120) and Karmouz (n = 170) hospitals. All nurses present at the time of the study were approached to be included in the study. The response rate for Shark Al Madina hospital was 94% and for Karmouz hospital, 71%. Data collection took place using a nurse stress questionnaire previously developed and tested for validity and reliability to measure stress in clinical nursing practice. The 5% level of significance was used throughout the statistical analysis for all relevant tests.

Results: The highest mean stress scores were the same for both hospitals. The dimension of coping with new situations was 2.7 ± 0.6 at Shark Al Madina hospital and was 2.5 ± 0.7 at Karmouz hospital while the dimension of job security was 2.7 ± 0.6 and 2.5 ± 0.7 at Shark Al Madina and Karmouz hospitals, respectively. Stepwise multiple regression for Shark Al Madina hospital model revealed workload (β = 1.38), security (β = 5.04), and shortage of support staff (β = 3.39). For the Karmouz hospital model, stepwise multiple regression revealed security (β = 4.78) and shortage of resources (β = 3.66).

Conclusion: Stressors among nurses appear to be the same despite the differences in organizational or hierarchical structure where they work or the type of consumer they serve. It is important to reduce occupational stress in nurses and to strengthen their coping resources to prevent nurse burnout. This could be achieved with job redesign, modification of shift work systems, and by offering occupational health education as well as assurance regarding job security especially during the global financial crisis.

Keywords: nurse stress, stepwise multiple regression, stress, organizational structure

Creative Commons License This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.

Download Article [PDF] 

 

Other articles by this author:

Hourly-block and standard patient scheduling systems at two private hospitals in Alexandria

Ashraf Ahmad Zaher Zaghloul, Nagwa Younes Abou El Enein

Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare 2010, 3:225-232

Published Date: 7 December 2010

Intention to stay and nurses' satisfaction dimensions

Ashraf A Zaghloul, Mashael F Al-Hussaini, Nora K Al-Bassam

Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare 2008, 1:51-58

Published Date: 11 August 2008

Readers of this article also read:

Reproducibility of an aerobic endurance test for nonexpert swimmers

Veronese da Costa A, Costa MC, Carlos DM, Guerra LM, Silva AJ, Barbosa TM

Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare 2012, 5:215-221

Published Date: 6 September 2012

Anesthetic management of spinal muscle atrophy type II in a parturient

Bollag L, Kent CD, Richebé P, Landau R

Local and Regional Anesthesia 2011, 4:15-20

Published Date: 6 April 2011

Acceptance of Swedish e-health services

Mary-Louise Jung, Karla Loria

Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare 2010, 3:55-63

Published Date: 16 November 2010

Effect on work ability after team evaluation of functioning regarding pain, self-rated disability, and work ability assessment

Jan-Rickard Norrefalk, Agneta Littwold-Pöljö, Leif Ryhle, et al

Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare 2010, 3:155-159

Published Date: 26 August 2010

Home care patients in four Nordic capitals – predictors of nursing home admission during one-year followup

Liv W Sørbye, Torunn Hamran, Nils Henriksen, et al

Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare 2010, 3:11-18

Published Date: 24 March 2010

Hydrophobic bile acids, genomic instability, Darwinian selection, and colon carcinogenesis

Claire M Payne, Carol Bernstein, Katerina Dvorak, Harris Bernstein

Clinical and Experimental Gastroenterology 2008, 1:19-47

Published Date: 16 December 2008