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Noninvasive screening tools for Down syndrome: a review

Authors Smith M, Visootsak J

Received 24 December 2012

Accepted for publication 30 January 2013

Published 6 March 2013 Volume 2013:5 Pages 125—131

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/IJWH.S31183

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 3


Meagan Smith, Jeannie Visootsak

Emory University, Department of Human Genetics, Atlanta, GA, USA

Abstract: Down syndrome is the leading cause of prenatal chromosome abnormalities, accounting for 53% of all reported chromosome conditions. Testing strategies, guidelines, and screening options have expanded from their conception in the 1970s, and now include such options as anatomical ultrasound, maternal serum screening, and noninvasive prenatal testing. This review summarizes all currently available noninvasive diagnostic techniques for the detection of Down syndrome. By understanding fully each technology and the possible alternatives, the physician will be able to provide their patients with all the information necessary to make an informed decision regarding their medical management.

Keywords: Down syndrome, noninvasive screening, diagnostic techniques


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