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Noncardiac Lebanese hospitalized adult patients’ awareness of their coronary artery disease risk factors

Authors Ghaddar F, Salameh P, Saleh N, Farhat F, Chahine R, Lahoud N, Hleyhel M, Zeidan RK

Received 2 June 2018

Accepted for publication 9 August 2018

Published 8 November 2018 Volume 2018:14 Pages 371—382

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/VHRM.S176167

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Amy Norman

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Konstantinos Tziomalos


Fatima Ghaddar,1 Pascale Salameh,1–3 Nadine Saleh,1,2 Firas Farhat,4 Ramez Chahine,5 Nathalie Lahoud,1–3,6 Mira Hleyhel,1,2,6 Rouba K Zeidan,1,2,6

1Faculty of Public Health II, Lebanese University, Fanar, Lebanon; 2National Institute of Public Health, Clinical Epidemiology and Toxicology, Faculty of Public Health, Lebanese University, Fanar, Lebanon; 3Laboratory of Epidemiological and Clinical Research, Lebanese University, Beirut, Lebanon; 4Faculty of Medical Sciences, Lebanese University, Beirut, Lebanon; 5Faculty of Public Health, La Sagesse University, Beirut, Lebanon; 6CERIPH, Center for Research in Public Health, Pharmacoepidemiology Surveillance Unit, Faculty of Public Health, Lebanese University, Fanar, Lebanon

Background: Noncommunicable diseases are the leading cause of death in Lebanon, with cardiovascular diseases accounting for almost half of the annual deaths.
Purpose: We aimed to determine awareness of noncardiac Lebanese hospitalized patients for their coronary artery disease risk factors, their level of adherence to medications or lifestyle modifications, and assess factors associated with awareness.
Materials and methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 14 hospitals with a total of 382 patients. Levels of awareness were evaluated by the comparison of self-report with measurements and laboratory test results. Healthy behaviors and adherence to treatment were evaluated. Factors associated with better awareness were studied using multivariate regressions, while adherence to treatments and healthy lifestyle were described for the different risk factors and in the Framingham Risk Score categories.
Results: Our work revealed a moderate-to-high level of awareness (58.7% for overweight/obesity, 75% for hypertension, 85.7% for diabetes, and 86.4% for dyslipidemia) among patients for most cardiovascular risk factors, but a low-to-moderate level of adherence for some interventions such as physical exercise, weight loss, and smoking cessation.
Conclusion: The results emphasize on the importance of educational campaigns on healthy habits and screening to improve early diagnosis, increase patients’ awareness of their risk factors, and, therefore, optimize primary prevention.

Keywords: coronary artery disease, risk factors, awareness, adherence, cardiovascular risk score

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