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No genetic relationship between TLR2 rs4696480, rs3804100, and rs3804099 gene polymorphisms and female breast cancer in Saudi populations

Authors Semlali A, Almutairi M, Parine NR, Al Amri A, Shaik JP, Al Naeem A, Abdulla Ajaj S, Rouabhia M, Alanazi MS

Received 5 September 2016

Accepted for publication 5 January 2017

Published 27 April 2017 Volume 2017:10 Pages 2325—2333

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/OTT.S121618

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Colin Mak

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Ingrid Espinoza

Abdelhabib Semlali,1 Mikhlid Almutairi,2 Narasimha Reddy Parine,1 Abdullah Al Amri,1 Jilani P Shaik,1 Abdulrahman Al Naeem,3 Sana Abdulla Ajaj,4 Mahmoud Rouabhia,5 Mohammad Saud Alanazi1

1Department of Biochemistry, 2Zoology Department, College of Science, King Saud University, 3Department of Women’s Imaging, King Fahad Medical City, 4Family Medicine Department, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia; 5Groupe de Recherche en Écologie Buccale, Département de Stomatologie, Faculté de Médecine Dentaire, Université Laval, Québec, QC, Canada

Abstract: Breast cancer (BC) is the most common cause of cancer-related deaths among women in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. An association between the dysregulation of innate immunity, primarily the deregulation of Toll-like receptors (TLRs), and BC development was described a long time ago. Several studies have reported that BC risk factors appear to be related to the interaction between certain genes and exposure to various environmental factors. Here, we investigated the potential correlation of three TLR2 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs; rs3804100, rs4696480, and rs3804099) with the development of BC in female patients from Saudi Arabia. We collected 126 blood samples from women with BC and 146 blood samples from healthy women without any clinical signs of BC. The genotypic frequencies of TLR2 polymorphisms were assayed. Our results showed that the genotypic and allelic frequencies of TLR2 did not differ significantly between BC patients and healthy controls. However, the distributions of rs3804100 (1350 T/C) genotypes in BC groups were 1%, 19%, and 80% for CC, CT, and TT, respectively. In the control group, the rs3804100 (1350 T/C) genotype distributions were 3%, 18%, and 79% for CC, CT, and TT, respectively. The SNP rs3804100 homozygous “TT” genotype was not associated with the risk of developing BC in the BC patients compared with controls (odds ratio [OR], 4.5; confidence interval [CI], 0.49–41.02; P=0.145). The TLR2 rs4696480 AA genotype was observed in 23% of BC patients compared to 18% of control individuals, the AT genotype was seen in 40% of BC patients and 46% of control individuals, and the TT genotype was observed in 37% of BC patients and 36% of normal controls. Our results did not show any difference in genotypic frequency between BC patients and normal controls for the TLR2 rs3804099 SNP; however, the (C) phenotypic frequency was 49% in BC patients and 53% in controls. The (T) phenotypic frequency was 51% and 47% in BC patients and normal patients, respectively. These findings indicate that there is no association between the TLR2 polymorphisms tested and BC susceptibility in the female population from the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. We suggest using other TLR2 SNPs to investigate the possible relationship between innate immunity deregulation by disruption of TLR2 and potential BC development.

Keywords: breast cancer, genotyping, polymorphism, Toll-like receptors

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