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Nicotine replacement therapies: patient safety and persistence

Authors Ferguson S, Shiffman, Gitchell

Published 14 June 2011 Volume 2011:2 Pages 111—117

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/PROM.S11545

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 3


Stuart G Ferguson1,2, Saul Shiffman3,4, Joseph G Gitchell5
1School of Pharmacy, 2Menzies Research Institute Tasmania, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Australia; 3Pinney Associates, 4University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA; 5Pinney Associates, Bethesda, MD, USA

Abstract: Nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) has become a central part of the treatment of nicotine dependence. However, NRT’s potential efficacy is limited to some extent by patient adherence and persistence. Here we review the relationship between NRT compliance and adherence, and overall treatment outcome. We then examine the factors that likely impact on treatment compliance and persistence, with a special focus on users’ perceptions of treatment safety and efficacy as possible mediators. Potential clinical strategies for improving suboptimal medication use are also discussed.

Keywords: nicotine replacement therapy, compliance, safety

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