New retinal imaging for the visualization and analysis of vitreoretinal interface (VRI) by short-wavelength scanning laser ophthalmoscope (swSLO)
Enzo Maria Vingolo1,2, Mariacristina Esposito3, Aloisa Librando3, Yu-Hui Huang4, Serena Salvatore1,2
1Department of Ophthalmology, University La Sapienza of Rome, Terracina, Italy; 2UOC Santa Maria Goretti Hospital, Latina, Italy; 3Department of Ophthalmology, University La Sapienza of Rome, Rome, Italy; 4University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA
Background: The purpose of the study was to evaluate vitreoretinal interface (VRI) alteration with a short-wavelength scanning laser ophthalmoscope (swSLO), the Nidek F-10, and compare the results with those obtained by means of spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT).
Methods: Thirty-six eyes were studied (20 patients, mean age 68 ± 12.3 years). All patients underwent a complete ophthalmologic examination, which comprised SD-OCT and Nidek F-10 analysis with short-wavelength blue laser. Eyes were divided into four groups depending on the degree of VRI alteration observed with the swSLO and SD-OCT. Statistical analysis was performed using the Chi-square test. P values less than 0.05 were considered statistically significant.
Results: OCT analysis: eight eyes (22%) grade 0 (no abnormalities), 15 eyes (42%) grade 1 (preretinal cellophane); seven (19%) grade 2 (preretinal wrinkling); six (17%) grade 3 (macular pucker or hole). Nidek F-10 analysis: seven (19%) grade 0, 16 (45%) grade 1; seven (19%) grade 2; six (17%) grade 3. Chi-square = 0.099, P = 0.992. There was no statistically significant difference between the two instruments.
Conclusion: Nidek F-10 allows both a quantitative and a qualitative evaluation of VRI and is equal to SD-OCT in detecting alteration of the inner portion of the retina, providing an easy way to evaluate and map differences in the inner vitreoretinal surface.
Keywords: vitreoretinal interface, macular pucker, macular cellophane, optical coherence tomography (OCT), short wavelength scanning laser ophthalmoscope (swSLO), Nidek F-10
This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.Download Article [PDF] View Full Text [HTML][Machine readable]