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New method for identifying abnormal milling states of an otological drill

Authors Li Y, Li X, Feng G, Gao Z, Shen P

Received 10 November 2014

Accepted for publication 6 March 2015

Published 11 May 2015 Volume 2015:8 Pages 207—218


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser

Yunqing Li,1 Xisheng Li,1 Guodong Feng,2 Zhiqiang Gao,2 Peng Shen2

1School of Automation and Electrical Engineering, University of Science and Technology, Beijing, 2Department of Otolaryngology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, People's Republic of China

Abstract: Surgeons are continuing to strive toward achieving higher quality minimally invasive surgery. With the growth of modern technology, intelligent medical devices are being used to improve the safety of surgery. Milling beyond the bone tissue wall is a common abnormal milling state in ear surgery, as well as entanglement of the drill bit with the cotton swab, which will do harm to the patient's encephalic tissues. Various methods have been investigated by engineers and surgeons in an effort to avoid this type of abnormal milling state during surgery. This paper outlines a new method for identifying these two types of abnormal milling states. Five surgeons were invited to perform experiments on calvarial bones. The average recognition rate for otological drill milling through a bone tissue wall was 93%, with only 2% of normal millings being incorrectly identified as milling faults. The average recognition rate for entanglement of the drill bit with a cotton swab was 92%, with only 2% of normal millings being identified as milling faults. The method presented here can be adapted to the needs of the individual surgeon and reliably identify milling faults.

Keywords: intelligent system, otological drill, multi-sensor information fusion

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