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New developments in the treatment of early-onset spinal deformity: role of the Shilla growth guidance system

Authors Morell S, McCarthy R

Received 6 December 2015

Accepted for publication 28 April 2016

Published 20 July 2016 Volume 2016:9 Pages 241—246

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/MDER.S77657

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Feng Wei

Peer reviewer comments 5

Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser


Sean M Morell,1 Richard E McCarthy2

1Department of Orthopaedics, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, 2Department of Orthopaedics, Arkansas Children’s Hospital, Little Rock, AR, USA

Abstract: Early-onset scoliosis is a complex condition with multiple facets. The goal of treating any spinal deformity is to improve the condition of the patient with the least intervention necessary. A system that allows for continuation of natural spinal growth while correcting the deformity should be the goal of treating this complex condition. The SHILLA growth guidance system allows for continued growth of the pediatric spine while correcting and guiding the apex and guiding the future growth of the curvature. The system involves selective fusion across the apex of the curvature, and minimally invasive instrumentation is then used above and below the apex to allow for continued growth of the spine. A review of recent literature on the SHILLA growth guidance system shows promising results. Early animal models showed continued growth across unfused levels with minimal facet articular damage. Comparative studies to traditional growing rods showed significantly less total surgeries along with comparable correction and longitudinal growth. The SHILLA growth guidance system is a good option for this complex patient group. Results are comparable with other growing constructs with significantly less operative interventions. The SHILLA system allows for natural growth of the pediatric spine while correcting the scoliotic deformity in a minimally invasive method. The goal of this article is to present a comprehensive review of the SHILLA system surgical technique and the associated literature concerning this topic.

Keywords: scoliosis, SHILLA, growing, early-onset, growth friendly

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