Neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio in patients with atrial septal aneurysm
Mehmet Demir,1 Canan Demir2
1Department of Cardiology, Bursa Yüksek İhtisas Education and Research Hospital, Bursa, Turkey; 2Department of Infectious Diseases, Bursa Şevket Yilmaz Education and Research Hospital, Bursa, Turkey
Background: Systemic thromboembolism is a serious, major complication in patients with an atrial septal aneurysm (ASA). Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF) is more common in patients with ASA than in the normal population. Neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) has been associated with postoperative AF development in patients who have undergone cardiac surgery. This study investigated NLR in a group of ASA patients compared with a control group of healthy volunteers.
Patients and methods: The study group consisted of 40 patients with ASA; the control group consisted of 30 age-, sex-, and body mass index-matched healthy volunteers. All patients and control subjects underwent echocardiographic examination. No patient had a recent history of an acute infection or an inflammatory disease. Baseline NLR was measured by dividing neutrophil count by lymphocyte count.
Results: No statistically significant difference was found between the two groups in terms of basic characteristics. Mean NLR was significantly higher among persons with ASA compared with controls (3.4 ± 1.5 vs 1.6 ± 0.97, P < 0.001).
Conclusion: Our results suggest that a higher NLR, an emerging marker of inflammation, has a positive correlation with ASA. The measurement of NLR may be used to indicate an increased risk of arrhythmia, such as AF, in ASA patients.
Keywords: neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio, inflammation, arrhythmia
A Letter to the Editor has been received and published for this article.
This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.Download Article [PDF] View Full Text [HTML][Machine readable]