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Neuropsychological phenotype of a patient with a de novo 970 kb interstitial deletion in the distal 16p11.2 region

Authors Egger JI, Verhoeven WM, Verbeeck W, de Leeuw N

Received 4 December 2013

Accepted for publication 6 January 2014

Published 25 March 2014 Volume 2014:10 Pages 513—517

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/NDT.S58684

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 4

Jos I M Egger,1–3 Willem M A Verhoeven,1,4 Wim Verbeeck,5 Nicole de Leeuw6

1Vincent van Gogh Institute for Psychiatry, Centre of Excellence for Neuropsychiatry, Venray, the Netherlands; 2Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Radboud University Nijmegen, Nijmegen, the Netherlands; 3Behavioural Science Institute, Radboud University Nijmegen, Nijmegen, the Netherlands; 4Erasmus University Medical Centre, Department of Psychiatry, Rotterdam, the Netherlands; 5Vincent van Gogh Institute for Psychiatry, Centre for Autism and ADHD, Venray, the Netherlands; 6Department of Human Genetics, Radboud University Medical Centre, Nijmegen, the Netherlands

Abstract: The 16p11.2 microdeletion syndrome is characterized by a wide range of phenotypic expressions and is frequently associated with developmental delay, symptoms from the autism spectrum, epilepsy, congenital anomalies, and obesity. These phenotypes are often related to a proximal 16p11.2 deletion of approximately 600 kb (BP4–BP5) that includes the SH2B1 gene that is reported to be causative for morbid obesity. This more centromeric deletion is most strongly related to autism spectrum susceptibility and is functionally different from the more distal 16p12.2p11.2 region, which includes the so-called atypical 16p11.2 BP2–BP3 deletion (approximately 220 kb) presenting with developmental delay, behavioral problems and mild facial dysmorphisms. Here, an adult male with a long history of maladaptive behaviors is described who was referred for diagnostic assessment of his amotivational features. Extensive neuropsychological examination demonstrated rigid thinking, anxious beliefs, and ideas of reference in the presence of normal intelligence. Microarray analysis demonstrated a de novo 970 kb 16p11.2 BP1–BP4 microdeletion that can be regarded as explanatory for his behavioral profile. It is concluded that microdeletion syndromes are not exclusively related to intellectual disabilities and genetic testing is of putative relevance for the understanding of neuropsychiatric and neuropsychological phenomena.

Keywords: SNP array, microdeletion, distal 16p11.2, neuropsychological phenotype, social cognition

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