Neurological manifestations in children with Sanjad–Sakati syndrome
Ahmed Farag Elhassanien,1 Hesham Abdel-Aziz Alghaiaty2
1Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Elmansoura University, Elmansoura, Egypt; 2Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Benha University, Benha, Egypt
Background: Sanjad–Sakati syndrome (SSS), also known as hypoparathyroidism–mental retardation–dysmorphism syndrome, or HRD, is a rare disorder characterized by growth and developmental delay, and by mental retardation and dysmorphic features.
Objective: The objective of this study was to clarify the clinical and neurological features of SSS.
Patients: Twenty-four patients were included in the study. They were seen at two hospitals in Kuwait.
Methods: This was a retrospective study of patients with SSS who attended the pediatric endocrinology, genetic, and neurology clinics in the Aladan and Alfarawanya hospitals in Kuwait from September 2007 to September 2012. Clinical and radiological data were obtained from each patient's medical records.
Results: All 24 patients had the characteristic dysmorphic features and laboratory findings of SSS. Consanguinity was reported in 75% of parents. Neurological manifestations in the form of microcephaly, developmental delay, mental retardation, and seizures were reported in all patients. Computerized tomography scans and/or magnetic resonance imaging showed evidence of intracranial calcifications in 29.2% of patients. Two patients showed a thin corpus callosum, and one patient showed intraventricular hemorrhaging.
Conclusion: Patients with SSS display a variety of dysmorphic features and neurological manifestations, including microcephaly, mental retardation, intracranial calcification, and epilepsy.
Keywords: Sanjad–Sakati syndrome, microcephaly, neurological manifestations, children, mental retardation
This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.Download Article [PDF] View Full Text [HTML][Machine readable]