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Neonatal pressure ulcers: prevention and treatment

Authors García-Molina P, Alfaro-López A, García-Rodríguez SM, Brotons-Payá C, Rodríguez-Dolz MC, Balaguer-López E

Received 4 July 2017

Accepted for publication 3 August 2017

Published 14 September 2017 Volume 2017:7 Pages 29—39

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/RRN.S98755

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Colin Mak

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Robert Schelonka


Pablo García-Molina,1,2 Alba Alfaro-López,1 Sara María García-Rodríguez,1 Celia Brotons-Payá,1 Mari Carmen Rodríguez-Dolz,1,2 Evelin Balaguer-López1,2

1Department of Nursing, University of Valencia, 2Research Group of Pediatric Nutrition, INCLIVA Foundation, Valencia, Spain

Abstract: Health professionals should be prepared to respond to the needs of hospitalized neonates. The health team must consider multiple situations, where the neonate is at risk of having an adverse effect. One of the main interventions that health professionals must practice when interacting with hospitalized newborns is skin care. Neonates often suffer from diaper rash or intravenous drugs extravasation. Recently, hospitalized neonates and especially those in an unstable clinical situation are also at a risk of developing pressure ulcers. The presence of a pressure ulcer in a neonate can lead to serious problems to survival (eg, sepsis, clinical instability). This is the reason why, with this literature review, we attempt to answer questions from health professionals caring for neonates about the prevention and treatment of pressure ulcers.

Keywords: infant, pressure ulcer, treatment, prevention, wound, assessment

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