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Nanomedicine applications in women's health: state of the art

Authors Lloyd-Parry O, Downing C, Aleisaei E, Jones C, Coward K

Received 20 July 2017

Accepted for publication 6 February 2018

Published 29 March 2018 Volume 2018:13 Pages 1963—1983

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/IJN.S97572

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Govarthanan Muthusamy

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Thomas Webster


Oliver Lloyd-Parry, Charlotte Downing, Eisa Aleisaei, Celine Jones, Kevin Coward

Nuffield Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Oxford, John Radcliffe Hospital, Headington, Oxford, UK

Abstract: State-of-the-art applications of nanomedicine have the potential to revolutionize the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of a range of conditions and diseases affecting women’s health. In this review, we provide a synopsis of potential applications of nanomedicine in some of the most dominant fields of women’s health: mental health, sexual health, reproductive medicine, oncology, menopause-related conditions and dementia. We explore published studies arising from in vitro and in vivo experiments, and clinical trials where available, to reveal novel and highly promising therapeutic applications of nanomedicine in these fields. For the first time, we summarize the growing body of evidence relating to the use of nanomaterials as experimental tools for the detection, prevention, and treatment of significant diseases and conditions across the life course of a cisgender woman, from puberty to menopause; revealing the far-reaching and desirable theoretical impact of nanomedicine across different medical disciplines. We also present an overview of potential concerns regarding the therapeutic applications of nanomedicine and the factors currently restricting the growth of applied nanomedicine.

Keywords: nanomedicine, mental health, sexual health, reproductive medicine, oncology, menopause, dementia

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