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Nano-sized cytochrome P450 3A4 inhibitors to block hepatic metabolism of docetaxel

Authors Paolini M, Poul L, Berjaud C, Germain M, Darmon A, Bergère M, Pottier A, Levy L, Vibert E

Received 5 May 2017

Accepted for publication 7 June 2017

Published 2 August 2017 Volume 2017:12 Pages 5537—5556


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Thomas Webster

Marion Paolini,1,2 Laurence Poul,1 Céline Berjaud,1 Matthieu Germain,1 Audrey Darmon,1 Maxime Bergère,1 Agnès Pottier,1 Laurent Levy,1 Eric Vibert2

1Nanobiotix, Paris, 2UMR-S 1193 INSERM/Paris-Sud University, Centre Hépato-Biliaire, Hôpital Paul Brousse, Villejuif, France

Abstract: Most drugs are metabolized by hepatic cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4), resulting in their reduced bioavailability. In this study, we present the design and evaluation of biocompatible nanocarriers trapping a natural CYP3A4-inhibiting compound. Our aim in using nanocarriers was to target the natural CYP3A4-inhibiting agent to hepatic CYP3A4 and leave drug-metabolizing enzymes in other organs undisturbed. In the design of such nanocarriers, we took advantage of the nonspecific accumulation of small nanoparticles in the liver. Specific targeting functionalization was added to direct nanocarriers toward hepatocytes. Nanocarriers were evaluated in vitro for their CYP3A4 inhibition capacity and in vivo for their biodistribution, and finally injected 24 hours prior to the drug docetaxel, for their ability to improve the efficiency of the drug docetaxel. Nanoparticles of poly(lactic-co-glycolic) acid (PLGA) with a hydrodynamic diameter of 63 nm, functionalized with galactosamine, showed efficient in vitro CYP3A4 inhibition and the highest accumulation in hepatocytes. When compared to docetaxel alone, in nude mice bearing the human breast cancer, MDA-MB-231 model, they significantly improved the delay in tumor growth (treated group versus docetaxel alone, percent treated versus control ratio [%T/C] of 32%) and demonstrated a major improvement in overall survival (survival rate of 67% versus 0% at day 55).

Keywords: hepatic metabolism, CYP3A4, PLGA nanoparticles, hepatocyte targeting, galactosamine

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