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nab-Paclitaxel as a potential partner with checkpoint inhibitors in solid tumors

Authors Soliman HH

Received 22 September 2016

Accepted for publication 9 November 2016

Published 21 December 2016 Volume 2017:10 Pages 101—112


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Jia Fan

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Chiung-Kuei Huang

Hatem H Soliman

Department of Oncologic Sciences, Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, USA

Tumors recognized by the host immune system are associated with better survival. However, the immune system is often suppressed in patients with established tumor burden. Stimulating the immune system to detect and kill tumor cells has been a challenge in cancer therapy for some time. Recently, novel cancer immunotherapies, such as immune checkpoint inhibitors, monoclonal antibodies, and vaccine therapies, have emerged as promising therapeutic approaches for many solid tumors. However, for some tumors, immunotherapy alone has not provided significant benefits, and some may even be fully resistant to immunotherapy. It has been suggested that the immune system may require “priming” before an immunotherapy can elicit an immune response. Although chemotherapies are believed to be immunosuppressive, when given at the right dose and sequence these agents may provide this “priming” effect for the immune system. In addition to direct cytotoxic killing of tumor cells, standard chemotherapeutic agents can elicit immunogenicity through various mechanisms. This review highlights the general immunomodulatory properties of chemotherapy agents. It also provides a rationale for combined therapy with nab-paclitaxel and immune checkpoint inhibitors. Recent clinical trial data with these combination regimens in solid tumors are presented, along with a summary of ongoing trials.

Keywords: immunotherapy, chemotherapy, nab-paclitaxel, checkpoint inhibitors, solid tumors

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