Myopia in schoolchildren in a rural community in the State of Mexico, Mexico
Authors Garcia-Lievanos O, Sanchez-Gonzalez L, Espinosa-Cruz N, Hernandez-Flores L, Salmeron-Leal L, Torres-Rodriguez H
Received 11 May 2015
Accepted for publication 11 January 2016
Published 8 June 2016 Volume 2016:8 Pages 53—56
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewers approved by Dr L. Srinivasa Varadharajan
Peer reviewer comments 4
Editor who approved publication: Mr Simon Berry
Omar Garcia-Lievanos, Leticia Sanchez-Gonzalez, Nadia Espinosa-Cruz, Luis A Hernandez-Flores, Leonel Salmeron-Leal, Hector D Torres-Rodriguez
Instituto Politecnico Nacional (IPN), Ex-Hacienda del Mayorazgo, Mexico City, Mexico
Purpose: This study sought to determine the prevalence of myopia in schoolchildren of a rural population in Mexico.
Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 317 children between 6 and 12 years old. A complete refractive examination was performed, including static retinoscopy without cycloplegic agents. All procedures were conducted according to the Declaration of Helsinki.
Results: In total, 9.7% (95% CI: 13.07–6.52) of the examined children were myopic (spherical equivalent ≤ −0.50 D), 4.4% (95% CI: 6.66–2.14) presented astigmatism (cylinder ≤ −1.50 D), and 5.4% (95% CI: 7.89–2.91) presented hyperopia (spherical equivalent ≥ +0.50 D).
Conclusion: Additional research is required to assess the prevalence of refractive errors in rural areas in Mexico, to analyze the associated risk factors, and to implement appropriate eye care plans for this population.
Keywords: myopia, refractive errors, hyperopia, astigmatism
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