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Multiple Skin Neoplasms at One Site (MUSK IN A NEST): A Comprehensive Review of Basal Cell Carcinoma and Benign or Malignant “Collision” Tumors at the Same Cutaneous Location

Authors Cohen PR, Calame A

Received 19 August 2020

Accepted for publication 4 September 2020

Published 29 September 2020 Volume 2020:13 Pages 731—741


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Jeffrey Weinberg

Philip R Cohen,1 Antoanella Calame2

1San Diego Family Dermatology, National City, CA, USA; 2Compass Dermatopathology, San Diego, CA, USA

Correspondence: Philip R Cohen Email

Abstract: Multiple skin neoplasms at one site (MUSK IN A NEST), initially referred to as a collision tumor, describes the occurrence of two or more benign or malignant neoplasms that are adjacent or intermingled at the same cutaneous site. A mononeoplastic cutaneous tumor refers to a single tumor at any cutaneous site. Two, three, four, five, and six tumors at the same site are described as dineoplastic, trineoplastic, tetraneoplastic, pentaneoplastic, and hexaneoplastic cutaneous tumors, respectively; the prefixes are based on the numerical multiplier used by the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC). MUSK IN A NEST can be classified based upon their mechanism of pathogenesis–either being composed of mixed clones of cells (clonalium, which has three subtypes: collision, colonization, and combination) or the same clone of cells that has undergone clonal evolution (clonalidem, which has one subtype: biphenotypic). Basal cell carcinoma (BCC)-associated MUSK IN A NEST can be observed with either benign tumors, malignant tumors, or both. Nevi and seborrheic keratoses are the most common benign tumors associated with BCC; melanoma in situ and invasive melanoma are the most commonly reported malignant tumors associated with BCC. The definitive etiology of BCC-associated MUSK IN A NEST remains to be established–whether the development of the BCC at that site occurs as a direct or indirect consequence of the coexisting neoplasm or whether the occurrence of the BCC and the other neoplasm is merely the result of a coincidental juxtaposition of the tumors.

Keywords: basal, carcinoma, cell, collision, neoplasm, tumor

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